From New Scientist:
Shark versus whale, 4 million years BC
* 13:00 05 May 2009 by Ewen Callaway
Palaeontologists have discovered a fossilised great white shark tooth lodged in a four-million-year-old whale mandible bone – a first.
A team led by Dana Ehret, of the Florida Museum of Natural History in Gainesville, unearthed the unique specimen in southern Peru’s Pisco Formation, which during the Pliocene, the period around 2 to 5 million years ago, was an ocean.
But did the shark kill the whale, or merely scavenge its corpse? Find out in our gallery
Journal reference: PALAIOS, DOI: 10.2110/palo.2008.p08-077r
According to the Palaios article, the shark is a Carcharodon sp. (same genus, but not necessarily the same species, as the present great white shark). The whale is a mysticete whale.
Whale Evolution with Pictures: here.
Here, I report a new toothed mysticete from the Late Oligocene of Australia that is more archaic than any previously described: here.
Fossil Shark And Seal Bone Bed Helps Reconstruct Life Along California’s Ancient Coastline: here. And here.
Pliocene shark fossils in the Netherlands, here.
According to a new study; a mysterious population of Killer whales off the British Columbia coast specializes in killing sharks: here.
From Alternet in the USA:
McGovern Warns Obama of LBJ Legacy in Afghanistan
May 5, 2009.
Former Senator George McGovern claims military escalation will jeopardize Obama’s domestic goals.
In 1964, President Johnson said of Vietnam that “I don’t think it’s worth fighting for, and I don’t think that we can get out. It’s just the biggest damn mess I ever saw.” Yet Johnson escalated the conflict and America became bogged down in Southeast Asia for more than a decade. Former Senator
and Democratic Presidential candidate during the Vietnam war
George McGovern recently sat down with ANP and said that President Obama runs the risk, like Johnson’s Great Society, of hobbling his ambitious domestic goals if he continues to send troops into Afghanistan.
On the eve of a tripartite summit between the US, Afghan and Pakistani presidents in Washington, US air strikes in western Afghanistan killed scores of civilians in one of the worst atrocities in the seven-and-a-half-year-old war: here.
If the claims are verified, the deaths in Farah province on the western border would be the largest loss of civilian life in a single incident since US-led forces invaded Afghanistan in 2001: here.
Robert Fisk: Of course there will be an inquiry. And in the meantime, we shall be told that all the dead Afghan civilians were being used as “human shields” by the Taliban and we shall say that we “deeply regret” innocent lives that were lost: here.
Witnesses say deaths of 147 people in three villages came after a sustained bombardment by American aircraft: here.
US balks at demand to end Afghan airstrikes: here.
Thousands more civilians were fleeing fighting between the army and Islamic militants in Pakistan‘s Swat Valley after the military lifted a curfew: here. See also here.
This video is called US troops kill civilians in Afghanistan, people protest.
From DPA news agency:
Afghan civilians killed in NATO airstrike aimed at Taliban
Posted : Tue, 05 May 2009 10:23:24 GMT
Kabul – Around 30 people including “a big number” of civilians and several Taliban militants were killed in a clash with international forces in western Afghanistan, a provincial governor said Tuesday. …
“Around 30 Taliban and civilians were killed by ground forces and airstrikes,” he said, adding that the total number of casualties remained unclear as some civilian homes were bombed and authorities had no precise information on how many civilians were killed in the raid. …
Civilian casualties during the anti-Taliban operation have become a delicate issue in Afghanistan.
President Hamid Karzai has pleaded several times with the NATO forces to avoid civilian deaths during their operations and has admitted that his repeated demands have strained his relations with some Western countries that have soldiers in the country.
A summit meeting in Washington between President Barack Obama and his Afghan and Pakistani counterparts, Hamid Karzai and Asif Ali Zardari, has been overshadowed by the worst massacre of Afghan civilians since the US invaded the country in October 2001: here.
This video says about itself:
Amnesty International activists from around 30 countries gathering in Latvia to join Riga Pride 2008 in solidarity with Mozaika and LGBT people in Riga, in Latvia and in the Baltic states.
From DPA news agency:
Latvian students stage second protest against education cuts
Posted : Tue, 05 May 2009 08:36:19 GMT
Riga – Students in the Baltic state of Latvia marched through the capital Riga on Tuesday in protest against government cuts in education sending. Around 1,000 students processed from the central Dome Square to the Education Ministry buildings, where they laid a funeral wreath symbolizing the death of the national education system
The action marked a second round of protest after an event on April 9 in which students cooked potatoes outside educational establishments, arguing that was all they could afford to eat.
The student protests follow earlier demonstrations by farmers, teachers, nurses and police as the coalition government of Valdis Dombrovskis seeks to introduce an austerity budget to counter the European Union’s deepest recession.
Spending on education is due to be slashed by 40 per cent and around 5,000 teachers made redundant in the next academic year according to government plans.
Crime in Latvia: here.
This video from the USA is called Augusto Boal, Founder of the Theater of the Oppressed, Dies at 78. Democracy Now 5/6/09 1 of 2.
And this video is the sequel.
From the Art Threat blog:
Augusto Boal (1931-2009)
Theatre Activist and Revolutionary Augusto Boal
May 2nd, 2009, saw the passing of a visionary theatre artist, activist and educator. Augusto Boal, Brazilian theatre director and founder of the “Theatre of the Oppressed” (TO), has left a rich legacy of theatrical innovation and social activism in the inspired hearts and minds of theatre practitioners across the world.
Boal created the Theatre of the Oppressed techniques in the early 1960s as a way to establish a dialogue between audience, director and actors that encouraged political activism aimed at transforming oppressive realities. Seen as a threat to the dictatorship that ruled Brazil between 1964 and 1985, Boal was arrested and tortured before being exiled to Argentina. He then went on to further develop his practice in Argentina, Peru, and Europe, before returning to Brazil after the fall of the military regime.
Augusto Boal’s impact on the field of community-based art is incalculable. TO methodology is taught around the world, in universities as in community-based settings, including Theatre of the Oppressed Institutes on every continent.
The armed forces of Brazil will begin to search for the remains of guerrilla fighters who were forcibly disappeared in Araguaia, a remote area in the northern jungle state of Pará during the 1964-1985 military dictatorship, reviving an old debate on the role played by the army in that area: here.