This video from Britain is called Claudia Jones Memorial Lecture Pt.1.
Part 2 is here.
From British weekly Socialist Worker:
The Notting Hill riot and a carnival of defiance
The Notting Hill Carnival is often seen as an apolitical celebration of diversity, but it began as a fight against racism, writes Ken Olende
The establishment and the media are never quite comfortable with the Notting Hill Carnival, which is held this weekend, but they are generally happy to praise it as an annual celebration of Britain’s diversity.
But what people often forget is that there was a race riot in this part of west London 50 years ago and that the first carnival was a defiant response from a besieged community.
In the early 1950s Britain was desperately short of labour and actively encouraged immigration. Many West Indians came to “the mother country” with high hopes, having been taught in colonial schools about Britain’s tolerant values and democracy….
Outrageously George Rogers, the local Labour MP for North Kensington, said, “The government must introduce legislation quickly to end the tremendous influx of people from the Commonwealth… Overcrowding has fostered vice, drugs, prostitution and the use of knives. For years the white people have been tolerant. Now their tempers are up.”
Oswald Mosley’s Union Movement and other fascist groups were already leafleting, holding rallies and daubing KBW (Keep Britain White) on walls around Notting Hill. …
The following weekend there was more rioting in Nottingham, but the focus moved to Notting Hill in London.
On Saturday 30 August Majbritt Morrison, a Swedish woman, was attacked by a gang of young whites in Notting Hill because she was married to a Jamaican. They followed her, throwing milk bottles and shouting, “Nigger lover! Kill her!”
Later that night a crowd of up to 400 began a “nigger hunt” and the rioting began. Black people were attacked on the street. Stones and petrol bombs were thrown through windows. …
While Notting Hill was a race riot, it was never true that all whites fought blacks, or even that all Teddy boys were racist. Both the Nottingham and Notting Hill riots started with racists outraged that black and white people were mixing.
Claudia Jones was central to the black response. Born in Trinidad, she moved to New York in the 1930s and became a lifelong Communist. She was deported in 1955 and came to Britain.
Jones launched the West Indian Gazette, the first newspaper printed in London for the black community, in March 1958. It was intended to build an active response to racism. …
In January 1959, just five months after the riot, a carnival was held indoors at St Pancras town hall in central London as a defiant response to the racists.
Claudia Jones was central to organising it around the slogan, “A people’s art is the genesis of their freedom.”
It was made clear that proceeds “are to assist the payment of fines of coloured and white youths involved in the Notting Hill events” – which shows that not all whites arrested had been fighting for the racists.
Carnival became an annual event and moved to Notting Hill as an outdoor parade in 1965.
See also here.
Notting Hill Carnival crackdown targets young black men: here.
Black History Month: here.
In 1980 the film Babylon gave us one of the best depictions of the lives of young black people in Britain. Yuri Prasad celebrates its long awaited first release on DVD: here.
Highlighting the work of Claudia Jones and Shirley Graham Du Bois: here.
Olive Morris: Forgotten activist hero
Wednesday 28 October 2009
In an age when xenophobia and Islamophobia are being stoked by illegal wars and immigration myths, the need to wrench hidden realities from history in order to see today’s truths has never been more urgent.
And thanks to the Remembering Olive Collective (ROC) founded by artist Ana Laura Lopez de la Torre in 2007, a bit of this history became available to the public last week at the Lambeth Archives in Brixton, south London.
Olive Morris, despite her awe-inspiring short life, remains virtually unknown. And she is one of the greatest unsung heroes I have ever come across.
My encounter with Morris began when a friend switched on my radar for forgotten female protagonists. He mentioned a local project he was doing on four practically unheard-of women activists who left in their wake cultural, social and political improvements which are enjoyed not just in London but in some instances internationally.
Three of these women were black.
With my radar on standby, I stumbled across a website which asked me if I “remember Olive Morris?” above a picture of a young black woman smiling with her shades on behind a megaphone.
No, I thought. I had never heard of Olive Morris.
And as I investigated further it became apparent that my ignorance was widespread.
Morris died aged just 27 in the 1970s. But she had such an unshakeable impact on those who knew her that many of the people with memories, documents, photographs and letters relating to this young woman responded to ROC’s calls to make her story a matter of public record.
As a tireless campaigner for black women, a socialist and an internationalist, Morris dedicated herself to fighting injustice wherever she saw it.
One of the most vivid examples was in 1969 when police arrested a Nigerian diplomat in Brixton as he stepped out of his Mercedes.
The police were so stunned to see a black man with such a flashy car that their reflex was to treat him as a criminal who had stolen it.
Crowds gathered round gaping as the police began to beat him.
A 17-year-old Olive struggled through the spectators and physically tried to stop the attack.
She was flung down and subjected to black police boots kicking her in her breasts. She was stripped naked and told as the blows kept on coming: “This is the right colour for your body.”
One Nigerian student wrote in tribute to her upon her death: “It is reasonable to expect that Olive Morris’s heroism will be immortalised alongside such black luminaries like Marcus Garvey, Malcolm X and many others who were proud to be black.”
But despite this ROC found while putting the jigsaw of her life story together that this woman remained only in the memories of those whose lives had crossed hers.
So vivid were the memories that these pieces of the jigsaw have now found an eternal home in the archives.
As I hungrily sifted through them trying to complete my own puzzle, it was Morris’s typewritten words that climbed out of the papers desperate to deliver the answers for problems we continue to face today.
A graduate in social sciences from Manchester University, Morris wrote numerous essays on Marxism, race and class. As a Brixton Black Panther, part and parcel of her membership was to attend lessons in Leninism and Marxism.
This education and her own activism influenced her relationship with progressive movements and she ultimately became frustrated with the British left, which she described as having “more in common with the ruling class and royalty than with fellow workers.
“Today increasingly the British working class is faced with a choice either to defend the ‘national interest’ or throw their lot in with the oppressed people of the Third World.
“The most immediate way in which this can be done is for them to support the struggle of the Third World people in this country,” she argued.
Morris sympathised with Trinidadian activist Claudia Jones who was poorly treated by the Communist Party, which failed to acknowledge her far-reaching capabilities and consigned her to an administrative role, and Grunwick striker Jayaben Desai who was virtually abandoned by trade unions.
She became disillusioned by institutions for the working class, which instinctively she would have had the most natural allegiance with.
“We have used the great British tradition of trade unionism to try and further our cause for equality and justice, but on countless occasions we have found that the movement does one thing for white workers and another for black workers,” said Morris.
“White workers have time and time again refused to give our unions recognition, they have crossed our picket lines for racist reasons, they have organised against our organisation in the trade unions.
“Take for instance STC (Standard Telephones and Cables Ltd) where white trade unionists and union officials – with exception of a few – put skin colour before the overall interest of the proletariat and often resorted to physical violence against their black fellow workers.”
Morris was exasperated by what she saw as an inherent self-interest that blocked mainly white apparently progressive groups from seeing where the real battles needed to be fought. She lambasted the Anti Nazi League “trendies” for busying themselves with “shouting their empty phrase of ‘black and white unite and fight’.”
Empty, she said, “because there was no sound basis on which such unity could be built.”
The ANL, she continued, has “become one big carnival jamboree of political confusion for the middle class.
“It doesn’t raise the political questions. It buries them in the name of ‘broadness’.”
Morris highlighted that the National Front, which the ANL directed all its enthusiasm into fighting, was merely a symptom and not a cause of the racist ideologies and practices which prevailed in every sector of society.
As the black groups Morris worked with organised to fight oppression on all levels – running supplementary schools, clubs and recreational facilities, clubbing together to buy houses, striking, organising pickets and circulating petitions – she urged people truly dedicated to fighting racism to confront the issues which affect black people’s lives on a daily basis in schools, the police, local government and even trade unions.
“Not a single problem associated with racialism, unemployment, police violence and homelessness can be settled by ‘rocking’ against the fascists, the police or the army,” she said.
“The fight against racism and fascism is completely bound up with the fight to overthrow capitalism, the system that breeds both.”
The symptomatic BNP and other far-right organisations are rearing their ugly heads above the fertile ground laid by a political framework which has perpetuated the criminalisation, social immobility and isolation of black and ethnic minorities.
But black history has a lesson for the left.
As long as support is only forthcoming when racism is so visible that it can no longer be ignored rather than being part of the daily battles against all discrimination that permeates society, the struggle to create equal conditions for everyone will keep taking one step forward and 10 steps back.
To get a glimpse into the rest of Olive’s life visit rememberolivemorris.wordpress.com or visit the collection at the Lambeth Archives in the Minet Library, 52 Knatchbull Road, London SE5 9QY.
Olive Elaine Morris
Born in 1952 in Jamaica and moved with her family to Britain aged nine
Died of cancer in 1979
Travelled to China, north Africa, Ireland and Spain
A council building in Lambeth bears her name
Groups she cofounded or worked with:
The Black Panther Movement (later the Black Workers Group),
Brixton Black Women’s Group
The Organisation of Women of Asian and African Descent
Manchester Black Womens Co-operative
National Co-ordinating Committee of Overseas Students
Black Womens Mutual Aid Group
Brixton Law Centre
The squatter movement
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