This video from Britain is called Claudia Jones Memorial Lecture Pt.1.
Part 2 is here.
From British weekly Socialist Worker:
The Notting Hill riot and a carnival of defiance
The establishment and the media are never quite comfortable with the Notting Hill Carnival, which is held this weekend, but they are generally happy to praise it as an annual celebration of Britain’s diversity.
But what people often forget is that there was a race riot in this part of west London 50 years ago and that the first carnival was a defiant response from a besieged community.
In the early 1950s Britain was desperately short of labour and actively encouraged immigration. Many West Indians came to “the mother country” with high hopes, having been taught in colonial schools about Britain’s tolerant values and democracy….
Outrageously George Rogers, the local Labour MP for North Kensington, said, “The government must introduce legislation quickly to end the tremendous influx of people from the Commonwealth… Overcrowding has fostered vice, drugs, prostitution and the use of knives. For years the white people have been tolerant. Now their tempers are up.”
Oswald Mosley’s Union Movement and other fascist groups were already leafleting, holding rallies and daubing KBW (Keep Britain White) on walls around Notting Hill. …
The following weekend there was more rioting in Nottingham, but the focus moved to Notting Hill in London.
On Saturday 30 August Majbritt Morrison, a Swedish woman, was attacked by a gang of young whites in Notting Hill because she was married to a Jamaican. They followed her, throwing milk bottles and shouting, “Nigger lover! Kill her!”
Later that night a crowd of up to 400 began a “nigger hunt” and the rioting began. Black people were attacked on the street. Stones and petrol bombs were thrown through windows. …
While Notting Hill was a race riot, it was never true that all whites fought blacks, or even that all Teddy boys were racist. Both the Nottingham and Notting Hill riots started with racists outraged that black and white people were mixing.
Claudia Jones was central to the black response. Born in Trinidad, she moved to New York in the 1930s and became a lifelong Communist. She was deported in 1955 and came to Britain.
In January 1959, just five months after the riot, a carnival was held indoors at St Pancras town hall in central London as a defiant response to the racists.
Claudia Jones was central to organising it around the slogan, “A people’s art is the genesis of their freedom.”
It was made clear that proceeds “are to assist the payment of fines of coloured and white youths involved in the Notting Hill events” – which shows that not all whites arrested had been fighting for the racists.
Carnival became an annual event and moved to Notting Hill as an outdoor parade in 1965.
See also here.
Notting Hill Carnival crackdown targets young black men: here.
Black History Month: here.
In 1980 the film Babylon gave us one of the best depictions of the lives of young black people in Britain. Yuri Prasad celebrates its long awaited first release on DVD: here.