Record number of whooping cranes in Texas, USA


This video from the USA is called Whooping CranesInternational Crane Foundation at Baraboo.

From BirdLife:

Whooping Crane record broken in Texas

02-01-2008

Texas is the winter home of the only self-sustaining wild population of Whooping Cranes Grus americana in the world and this winter record numbers have completed their migration and returned to the southern state.

Whooping Cranes have been on the endangered species list since 1970, when only 56 birds survived in the wild in the world. These birds nested in Canada and migrated south to spend the winter in Texas.

Since then, habitat conservation and protection of the birds has enabled the wild population to increase and in 2007 there were a total of 73 pairs which produced 80 chicks, of which 40 survived to the autumn migration.

So far 257 Whooping Cranes have reached the Coastal Bend area of Texas, breaking the previous count of 237 in winter 2006/07. National Whooping Crane Coordinator, Tom Stehn, said: “I estimate that more than 97 per cent of the flock has completed the migration so far. We know of four birds that are still in migration, so that raises the estimated flock size to 261.”

See also here.

Increase in Whooping crane deaths leads to population decline – Starts alarm bells: here.

Eastern Whooping Cranes Migrating South: here.

Wild Whooping crane chicks hatch at Necedah National Wildlife Refuge: here.

Whooping Cranes – A letter to National Geographic: A story that needs to be told Nat.Wind Watch: here.

September 2010: The Whooping Crane Eastern Partnership (WCEP) is celebrating another success in its efforts to reintroduce a wild migratory whooping crane population in eastern North America. Two wild-hatched whooping crane chicks have recently fledged. This is only the second time in over a century that whooping cranes have fledged in the wild in the Midwest: here.

18/01/2011 23:04:04: INVESTIGATION: Three endangered whooping cranes were shot dead. US Fish and Wildlife Service Offers $12,500 reward for information: here.

February 2013. The International Crane Foundation (ICF) is very pleased and relieved that an appropriate sentence was issued to the man who shot an adult male Whooping crane in South Dakota last April. The migrating adult crane was one of fewer than 300 individuals remaining in the Aransas/Wood Buffalo population, the only self-sustaining wild population of Whooping cranes in the world: here.

Rare whooping cranes could be coming back to Louisiana: here.

6 thoughts on “Record number of whooping cranes in Texas, USA

  1. Plucky whooping crane gives wildlife experts hope

    Mar 16, 2010 12:14 PM (2 hrs 7 mins ago) By JOHN McFARLAND, AP

    In this Feb. 25, 2010 photo, whopping crane Scarbaby, bottom left, flies with his mate at the Aransas National Wildlife Refuge near Rockport, Texas. (AP Photo/LM Otero)

    ARANSAS NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, Texas (Map, News) –
    After the poisonous snake slithered into the whooping crane family’s marshy grounds and sank its fangs into the chick’s neck, death seemed certain.

    The bird’s head quickly turned red and swelled to the size of a basketball. He refused to eat for days and was too weak to even stand. Somehow, though, he survived.

    And now the bird – dubbed Scarbaby – is a healthy adult whose resilience offers a speck of hope for the endangered species. Just a year after a record number of cranes died in their south Texas wintering grounds, wildlife managers embrace even the smallest successes.

    “To me, it symbolizes the fight to survive,” said Tom Stehn, a U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service biologist who’s studied them for nearly 30 years. “They’re pretty tough.”

    There are about 400 wild whooping cranes in the world, and biologists had feared that number would drop further this winter after last year’s record 23 Texas deaths. Even though the birds fared better than expected – only one died this winter – the cranes face many obstacles to survive as a species.

    They’ve got a 2,500-mile migration back to Canada later this month, food and water shortages could take their toll, and then there’s the usual hazards of deadly power lines and encroaching development. Last year, 34 cranes died after spring.

    “We don’t really know how strong they are, how much body fat they have and how they’ll do on the migration north,” said Ron Outen, director of conservation group The Aransas Project.

    Scarbaby’s flock of 264 birds is the world’s only group of naturally migrating whooping cranes. Conservationists say it is the species’ best chance for survival because it’s self-sustaining. The flock spends its winters at the Aransas National Wildlife Refuge near Corpus Christi.

    There’s another flock in Wisconsin that is guided by an ultralight aircraft on migrations to and from Florida. A third flock in Florida is small and doesn’t migrate.

    The cranes – the tallest birds in North America at about 5 1/2 feet – have made a remarkable comeback from just 15 birds in 1941. Yet experts see disaster ahead.

    “I’ve been screaming for about 10 years now that they’re walking toward a cliff,” Stehn said. “The birds are fighting like crazy. They’re doing everything they can. It’s really just if man can leave them alone.”

    In Texas, one of the biggest concerns is the prospect of more drought. Last season’s brutally dry conditions left cranes without enough crabs and water.

    The Aransas Project has sued the state over the 23 crane deaths. The group alleges Texas allows too much water to be drawn from rivers, which could lead to recurring drought conditions and more bird deaths. The state environmental agency isn’t commenting on the lawsuit, but has defended its processes for allocating river water.

    Stehn says if the waterways aren’t viable, the flock will die.

    A similarly bleak outlook was predicted for Scarbaby in 2005, when the deadly snake bit him.

    Tommy Moore, a birding tour boat captain who saw the drama unfold, remembers watching the bird collapse again and again into the shallow water. Biologists were so worried about Scarbaby, Stehn formed a team to check on him.

    Soon, Scarbaby was nibbling on crab chunks and even caught one. Whooping cranes migrate in family units, but once Scarbaby started eating his parents took off for Canada without him. He did fine in Texas, though, taking up with other young birds that stayed behind.

    Aside from a small scar on his neck, Scarbaby looked perfectly healthy one recent afternoon. He posed and preened for a packed tour boat before flying overhead to bird lovers’ “oohs,” “aahs” and clicking cameras.

    “It’s really a cool story,” said Moore, a gruff character who was so touched by Scarbaby’s ordeal he wrote a children’s book about it. “The way I look at it, it means that’s one tough bird.”

    Copyright 2010 The Associated Press.

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