Palaeolithic rock art found in Egypt

This video shows the Temple of Kom Ombo in Egypt. It was built over 2,000 years ago. It was dedicated to two quite distinct divinities: Sobek with the head of a crocodile and Haroeris with the head of a hawk.

From Al-Ahram Weekly in Egypt:

Lascaux on the Nile

Palaeolithic rock art depicting animal illustrations similar to those found in the Lascaux caves in France have been discovered in the Upper Egyptian town of Kom Ombo, reports Nevine El-Aref

The discovery of huge rocks decorated with Palaeolithic illustrations at the village of Qurta on the northern edge of Kom Ombo has caused excitement among the scientific community. The art was found by a team of Belgian archaeologists and restorers and features groups of cattle similar to those drawn on the walls of the French Lascaux caves.

They are drawn and painted in a naturalistic style which is quite different from those shown in cattle representations of the well-known classical, pre-dynastic iconography of the fourth millennium BC. Illustrations of hippopotami, fish, birds and human figures can also be seen on the surface of some of the rocks. …

The fauna of these Ballanan-Silsilian and other Late Palaeolithic sites on the Kom Ombo plain suggest a culture of hunters and fishermen with a mixed subsistence economy oriented to both stream and desert for food resources.

“It is essentially characterised by elements such as aurochs ( bos primigenius ), hartebeest ( alcelaphus buselaphus ), some species of gazelle (especially gazella dorcas ), hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), wading and diving birds including numerous goose and duck species as well as some fish species, especially clarias or catfish,” Huyge said.

He continued that with the exception of hartebeest, this faunal inventory perfectly matched the animal repertory of the Qurta rock art sites.

Both in the Late Palaeolithic faunal assemblages and in the rock art large “Ethiopian” faunal elements, such as elephants, giraffes and rhinoceros, are conspicuously absent.

See also here.

And here.

Rock art in Algeria: here.

Predynastic Egyptian cemetery in Beni Suef: here.

Pharaonic Nubian gold processing center discovered: here.

Fishing and fowling in ancient Egyptian art: here.

Tombos (Sudan) in ancient Egyptian times: here.

Royal graves of Axum, Ethiopia: here.

Wildebeest bones in ancient Egypt? See here.

Wildlife of Lake Nasser, Egypt: here.

Palaeolithic weapons: here.

Music Went With Cave Art In Prehistoric Caves: here.

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4 thoughts on “Palaeolithic rock art found in Egypt

  1. Abstract:
    The present study clarified the taxonomy, phylogeny and historical demography of semicommensal Nile rats (Arvicanthis) from the Nile Valley in Sudan. Nile rats are important crop pests and zoonotic disease reservoirs and are closely associated with agricultural settlements in the Nile Valley. Phylogenetic analysis of the complete cytochrome b gene (1140 bp) of 23 individuals from six localities in Sudan (from two previously recognized species, Arvicanthis niloticus and Arvicanthis testicularis), supported the existence of only a single species, A. niloticus, from the Nile Valley. Historical demography of the Sudanese Nile Valley population inferred from mismatch coefficients indicated that an exponential population expansion event occurred approximately 144 000-288 000 years ago, corresponding in time with early human expansion and colonization from Africa to the Middle East, Europe, and the world. The inferred high level of gene flow and large size of Sudanese Nile populations of A. niloticus is consistent with historically recent (300 years ago) exponential human population growth and intense agricultural activity inferred from archaeological and historical evidence. Two African Arvicanthis clades were well supported by the broader phylogenetic analysis: (1) A. niloticus, Arvicanthis abyssinicus and Arvicanthis neumanni and (2) Arvicanthis rufinus and Arvicanthis ansorgei from western Africa. Within the first clade, divergence between lineages of A. niloticus s.s. from west and north-east Africa (8.9%) suggests specific recognition, but sampling of geographically intermediate localities is required. Based on hypothesized palaeodrainage and palaeoclimatic patterns, we propose a simple model for speciation of Arvicanthis in Africa. © 2008 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2008, 93, 641-655.


  2. Pingback: Animals found at predynastic Egyptian cemetery | Dear Kitty. Some blog

  3. Pingback: Tibetan prehistory, new research | Dear Kitty. Some blog

  4. Pingback: Birds in prehistoric rock art | Dear Kitty. Some blog

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