WWF’s top ten threatened animal and plant species

This video is called Life On The Coral Reef.

From Wildlife Extra:

WWF’s top ten species needing urgent, global, action

May 2007. Ahead of the world’s major meeting on wildlife trade, WWF releases its top ten list of species needing urgent, global, action to reduce threats from trade. …

Red and pink coral – A jewel that comes from reefs and atolls, it is the most valuable of all the precious corals.

Pink coral has been fished for over 5,000 years and used for jewellery and decoration.

Over-harvesting and the destruction of entire colonies by bottom trawls and dredges have led to dramatic population declines.

WWF calls on governments to include all species of red and pink coral in CITES Appendix II.

Porbeagle – Porbeagle shark is a powerful, medium-sized, highly migratory shark.

There is international demand for, and trade, in its high-value meat and fins. It is also used as fertilizer.

WWF calls upon governments to include the species in CITES Appendix II.

Spiny dogfish – Spiny dogfish is a slender, smaller sized white-spotted shark that grows to about one metre long and travels in schools.

It is found in cool, coastal waters worldwide. Known as rock salmon, it is used in fish and chips in the UK and as a smoked meat delicacy in Germany, called Schillerlocken.

WWF calls upon governments to include the species in CITES Appendix II.

Sawfish – Populations of the seven species of sawfish have drastically declined.

They are traded as live animals for public aquariums, and also for their fins and meat.

Their distinctive saw-like snouts are sold as souvenirs and ceremonial weapons, while other body parts are used for traditional medicines.

WWF calls upon governments to include these species in CITES Appendix I.

Tigers – In addition to continuing threats from habitat loss and forest conversion, an old threat is about to re-emerge in China, which could put the last remaining tigers further at risk – the potential re-opening of trade from tiger ‘farms’.

WWF calls upon governments to take concerted action to stop all trade in tigers, particularly in China, and to improve enforcement efforts across Asia (e.g., India).

Asian rhinos – Historically hunted for their horn, a prized ingredient in traditional Asian medicines, and devastated by the destruction of their lowland forest habitat, Asian rhino populations are now distressingly small.

An upsurge in poaching over the last few [years] is taking its toll even on populations that were thought to be stable.

WWF calls upon governments to step up enforcement efforts, and assist countries such as Nepal to stop the poaching.

European eel – The European eel comes from coastal and freshwater ecosystems throughout Europe, including Mediterranean countries.

Stocks have declined dramatically over the past several decades due to overfishing and poaching.

There is significant international demand for this species, both for live juvenile eels (shipped from Europe to Asia) for rearing in aquaculture and for the highly valued meat of adults.

WWF calls on governments to include this species in CITES Appendix II.

Elephants – The ongoing poaching of elephants and illegal international trade in ivory is stimulated by rampant ivory sales in some countries, particularly in Africa and Asia.

Despite previous CITES decisions, and valiant efforts of some countries, these markets persist.

The time has come to put political will behind serious efforts to close down these illegal and unregulated ivory markets, the true driver of elephant poaching.

Great apes – Wild populations of great apes (gorillas, chimpanzees and orangutans), continue to decline drastically and are threatened by the combined effects of illegal trade in live animals (usually for pets), poaching for meat, disease and habitat disturbance, fragmentation and destruction.

WWF calls on governments and CITES to stop this trade – including by adequately enforcing existing laws and imposing deterrent penalties.

Bigleaf mahogany – This highly valuable South and Central American rainforest tree species was listed in CITES Appendix II in 2002, in response to population declines and high levels of illegal logging and trade.

Only one country still exports large commercial quantities, Peru, and after five years, these problems continue, and concerted action is needed.

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