Perfume in the ancient Middle East and Egypt


This video, made in Egypt, is called Cairo museum.

Dr Halbertsma continued his lecture on perfume in antiquity, saying it came originally from Arabia and other Asian countries, and was exported to Europe from there.

Already about 1780 BCE, there was a cuneiform inscription from a king in Mesopotamia on perfume.

Much perfume was produced in Egypt.

It was stored in vessels made in the oldest glass production technique, the core glass technique.

Mostly little bottles, as this production technique was expensive.

Root of iris was used much in Egyptian perfume production.

Other plants used were Citrullus colocynthis, and horseradish.

Also olive, and palm wine contributed to perfumes.

In ancient Israel, cinnamon was used in perfume.

Also myrrh; and nard, named in the Song of Solomon in the Bible.

Perfume was produced in Jerusalem; but also near the Dead Sea, mixing in local minerals.

For instance, near what is today Ein Bokek.

Not far away, at Ein Gedi, there is still, or again, perfume production today.

Ramses II’s canopic jars‘ in the Louvre museum prove to be unguent jars.

Ancient perfume in Cyprus: here.

Masada in Israel: here.

Archaeology in Israel: here. And here.

6 thoughts on “Perfume in the ancient Middle East and Egypt

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