Haiti: Toussaint Louverture, anti slavery fighter

Toussaint LouvertureHaiti: Toussaint Louverture, anti slavery fighter

Date: 8/16/05 at 8:19PM

Mood: Thinking Playing: Get up, Stand up, by Bob Marley

The University of Liverpool (UK) reports:

Black revolutionary is icon of modern times, say researchers

Researchers at the University of Liverpool are using archive material from around the world to show how an 18th Century slave became a world icon of the modern age.

Toussaint Louverture is famous for fighting for the freedom of black slaves in the Caribbean and defeating the armies of French conqueror, Napoleon Bonaparte.

Dr Charles Forsdick at the University’s School of Modern Languages is searching archives across the world to understand how Toussaint, a black slave from Haiti, has survived in modern popular culture.

More than 5, 000 slave voyages left Liverpool, transporting over a million Africans to the Americas.

Next week sees the 214th anniversary of the slave uprising in 1791, in which Toussaint remains a celebrated figure in literature, theatre and art all over the world.

Dr Forsdick said: “What is so fascinating about Toussaint is that he became a mythic figure almost immediately after his death.

He was tricked into a meeting with General Brunet in 1802 and as a result was captured and held in a medieval fortress on the French-Swiss border.

Here he was left to starve to death and never saw Jean-Jacques Dessalines lead the Haitian slaves to victory over the French.”

Archive material has been discovered in France, Florida, New Orleans and Trinidad depicting Toussaint’s life through French reports, eyewitness accounts, newspapers and journals.

The archives reveal the varied attitudes he instilled in political leaders and popular writers and artists all over the world.

Dr Forsdick continued: “Toussaint was vilified in the French press which sparked a strong anti-Napoleonic response in the London newspapers and in the work of Wordsworth and Coleridge.

He became the catalyst for debates about the abolition of the slave trade in French and American literature, such as the writings of John Beard, Frederick Douglass and Wendall Phillips.

“Toussaint was very much a shape shifter; he fought as an ally of Spain against France and as an ally of France against England and Spain, playing the competing sides against each other to great effect.

French historians often see him as a schemer, but he was more of a shrewd strategist willing to use meagre resources to overthrow slavery and alter radically the relationship between France and its Caribbean colonies.

His ability to adapt to any situation and speak to any culture is one of the reasons he has remained a popular figure in literature, theatre and art worldwide.”

Dr Forsdick’s findings, part of a British Academy Senior Research Fellowship, will be published in 2008.

See also here.

And here.

Haitian 20th century author Jacques Roumain: here.

Abolitionism in Britain: here.

9 thoughts on “Haiti: Toussaint Louverture, anti slavery fighter

  1. RE: Haiti: Toussaint Louverture, anti slavery fighter
    Posted by:
    Red Bewtween the Lines

    Date: 08/16/05 at 11:02 PM
    I blogged about Toussaint the other day as well, in a different context’; the fact that Canada appointed the first black woman Governor General, who was born in Haiti.

    Red Between the Lines
    Reading the news from the left.

    RE: Haiti: Toussaint Louverture, anti slavery fighter
    Posted by:

    Date: 08/17/05 at 12:01 AM (1y3d ago)
    Hi, thanks redbetweenthelines

    Haiti: Toussaint Louverture, anti slavery fighter
    Posted by:

    Date: 08/17/05 at 6:53 AM (1y2d ago)
    actually, there is so much controversy over the governor general designate’s stand on canadian sovereignty, she may not get the appointment… esp since she is pro quebec separation from canada, in her own words, in a film made by her husband… of course, bully paul martin, the current prime minister, may not back down and appoint her anyway… it’s all politics, y’know, quebec being the province his minority government needs support from come election time, supposedly by the start of next year, if not sooner

    but all hail louverture’s efforts


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