Top 10 Archaeological Discoveries of 2006


This 2015 video is called 25 Most Important Archaeological Discoveries In History.

Like Scientific American, another United States magazine, Archaeology, now has its list of top discoveries for 2006.

In their case, limited to ten discoveries, and to their own archaeology.

Here it is, with some hyperlinks added by yours truly:

Top 10 Discoveries of 2006

Volume 60 Number 1, January/February 2007

How do you know it’s been an extraordinary year in archaeology?

When the discovery of the earliest Maya writing and a 2,500-year-old sarcophagus decorated with scenes from the Iliad don’t crack ARCHAEOLOGY’s Top 10 list:

1. Valley of the Kings Tomb
KV63 was the first tomb to be excavated in the Valley of the Kings since Tutankhamun‘s in 1922. The chamber held seven 18th Dynasty coffins.

2. 3-Million-Year-Old Child
After years of chiseling tiny bones out of sandstone blocks from Ethiopia’s Rift Valley, paleontologists announced the discovery of a nearly complete Australopithecus afarensis child (see “The New Face of Evolution“).

Talking about Australopithecus, not in the Top 10: Early man was hunted by birds.

See also here.

Man the hunted more than Man the hunter: here.

Australopithecus anamensis: here.

See also here.

3. Olmec Script
A stone block uncovered in the 1990s in Veracruz, Mexico, was shown to bear the first definitive proof that the ancient Olmec had a writing system, the oldest in the New World (see “What We Learn“).

4. Irish Bog Psalms
In a peat bog near Dublin, bulldozer operator Eddie Fogarty found a book of [sic] Pslams, the first early medieval manuscript discovered in Ireland in 200 years.

5. Peru’s Temple of the Fox
Dating to 2200 B.C., an Andean temple was found with unprecedented astronomical alignments, including a facelike disk that frowns at the sunset on the first day of the harvest.

6. China’s “Guest Worker”
DNA analysis of bones found near the tomb of Emperor Qin Shihuangdi (r. 247-221 B.C.) shows the remains belonged to a Persian man, likely a captive forced to work on the emperor’s tomb (see “Worker from the West“).

7. Tomb of the Roaring Lions
Grave robbers led Italian authorities to the oldest tomb paintings in the western Mediterranean. The seventh-century B.C. Etruscan scenes feature fanciful lions (see “Flights of Fancy“).

8. Lost Kingdom of Tambora
The discovery of a modest house buried by an 1815 volcanic eruption in Indonesia presented the first evidence of the Kingdom of Tambora.

9. Scythian Mummy
A burial mound in the Mongolian Altai Mountains yielded the 2,500-year-old frozen remains of a blond Scythian warrior in full regalia.

10. Brazilian Stonehenge
A circle of some 130 granite blocks in the Brazilian state of Amapa was hailed as a possible 2,000-year-old winter solstice marker.
—–
© 2007 by the Archaeological Institute of America
http://www.archaeology.org/0701/trenches/topten.html

However, some archaeological and other wonders of the world are in danger.

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