This 2013 video is called Predator X [discovered on Svalbard] – Most powerful marine reptile ever – Planet Dinosaur – BBC.
The BBC reports:
‘Monster’ fossil find in Arctic
By Paul Rincon
Science reporter, BBC News
Norwegian scientists have discovered a “treasure trove” of fossils belonging to giant sea reptiles that roamed the seas at the time of the dinosaurs.
Ichthyosaurs bore a passing resemblance to modern dolphins, but they used an upright tail fin to propel themselves through the water.
They used two sets of powerful flippers for swimming and came in two varieties – one with a small head and very long neck, and another with a large head and short neck.
The short-necked varieties are known as pliosaurs.
The discovery of a gigantic pliosaur, nicknamed The Monster, was one of the most remarkable discoveries of the expedition.
Its skeleton has dinner-plate-sized neck vertebrae, and the lower jaw has teeth as big as bananas.
Tooth in the neck
The skeleton is not yet fully excavated, but its skull is about 3m long, suggesting the body could be more than 8m from the tip of its nose to its tail.
“What’s amazing here is that it looks like we have a complete skeleton.
No other complete pliosaur skeletons are known anywhere in the world,” said Dr Hurum.
The researchers even found evidence of an attack on one of the creatures.
The fossil hoard comprises 21 long-necked plesiosaurs, six ichthyosaurs and one short-necked plesiosaur.
The bones were unearthed in fine-grained sedimentary rock called black shale.
See also here.
Ichthyosaur species from Canada: here.
These big marine reptiles are not dinosaurs, as is sometimes claimed wrongly.
Sunflowers in a hothouse in Svalbard, see here.
See also on Svalbard here.
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