Conservation of orang-utans in Malaysia

This video says about itself:

8 May 2014

Whitley Award for Conservation in Ape Habitats, donated by the Arcus Foundation, Melvin Gumal – Protecting Borneo‘s iconic great apes: Conservation of orang-utans in Sarawak, Malaysia.

See also here.

Borneo orangutan discovery

This video says about itself:

Hercules the Orangutan – Orangutan Diary – BBC

Sep 20, 2012

Wildlife conservationist Lone Drøscher Nielsen interacts with Hercules, a rescued Orangutan who has been allowed to roam one of the river islands near Lone’s Orangutan sanctuary in Borneo.

From Wildlife Extra:

New population of 200 of world’s rarest orangutans discovered on Sarawak

Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) congratulates Government of Sarawak for protecting globally significant orangutan population

April 2013. A new population of rare orangutans has been found in an area of about 14,000 hectares (140 sq km) in Ulu Sungai Menyang, close to Batang Ai National Park in Sarawak. Local Iban communities had been aware of the existence of orangutans in this area, but until recently no major research had been conducted in Ulu Sungai Menyang.

Just 3 – 4,500 known to exist

The sub-species of orangutan, Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus, is listed as the most severely threatened orangutan worldwide with a total of between 3,000-4,500 animals, of which 2,000 live in Sarawak in Batang Ai National Park and Lanjak-Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary.

The Wildlife Conservation Society congratulates the Government of Sarawak for protecting a globally significant population of up to 200 of the world’s rarest Bornean orangutans recently found by a team of conservationists in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo.

Melvin Gumal, Director of Wildlife Conservation Society, Malaysia Program, said: “It is indeed wonderful to hear the Government’s initiative towards protecting these orangutan and their habitat especially when preliminary scientific data indicates the existence of a globally significant population.”

Central Borneo

Field surveys were conducted in February by staff from the Sarawak Forest Department, assisted by Sarawak Forestry Corporation, Wildlife Conservation Society and Borneo Adventure. The surveys covered 248 kilometres (154 miles) of transects in the hilly, undulating terrain in central Borneo. Ground surveys were supplemented by data from aerial surveys so that 80 percent of the study area was covered.

995 nests found

A total of 995 nests were found in the area. Fresh nests were found in all transects as well as in the remote areas covered by the aerial surveys indicating recent use of the area by these rare orangutans.

Highest level of protection

Upon confirmation that the area had a globally significant population of the rare sub-species, the Government of Sarawak officially indicated the need to protect this area in perpetuity. It is already a High Conservation Value Forest, considered to have an area of high biological, cultural, economic and livelihood significance.

The Sarawak Government intends to hold a dialogue with local communities and the other key stakeholders to discuss options and to involve them in any conservation effort in the area. The four organizations involved in the survey will conduct a follow-up study in the area to formulate strategic actions involving all stakeholders including the local communities.

WCS orangutan conservation work in the Batang Ai – Lanjak Entimau landscape is supported by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Great Apes Conservation Fund.

The population of the rarest sub-species of orangutans was found by a research team from Sarawak Forest Department, assisted by Sarawak Forestry Corporation, Wildlife Conservation Society, and Borneo Adventure.

Piltdown Man hoax, 1912

This video is called Piltdown Man Hoax on Discover Science Part 1.

And here is Part 2.

By Peter Frost in Britain:

Why Britain lapped up the story of Piltdown Man

Thursday 03 January 2013

Once Christmas 1912 was over and Edwardian society had welcomed in the new year of 1913 the public had only one interest – the amazing discovery of the skull of the Piltdown Man.

The fossil find in the gravel beds of Sussex provided the missing link between apes and the human species.

Today we know Eoanthropus dawsoni, as Piltdown Man was named, was a complete fraud – perhaps the biggest scientific fraud in fact until Tony Blair’s famous dossier on Iraq’s weapons of mass destruction.

The Piltdown hoax, created by combining parts of a medieval human skull with the lower jawbone of an orangutan, lasted for 41 years and was only finally exposed in 1953.

So who was it that invented this huge nonsense and, perhaps more important, why was the British scientific establishment so quick to accept it as gospel?

Let’s go back to those sepia-tinted days of the autumn of the British empire a century ago.

At the time it was said that the sun never set on the British empire – cynics joked that was because God didn’t trust the British in the dark.

The writing was on the wall for the empire however. In South Africa the forerunner of the African National Congress had just been established.

Also in South Africa a young Indian lawyer named Gandhi was learning his politics leading a strike of African miners.

Very few fossils of early humanoids had ever been discovered in Britain before – and they still haven’t today.

So what could have been more welcome than a discovery that the proud origins of the human race had happened in the English home counties?

Here was proof that the first big-brained upright-walking human species were white and, indeed, English – just what Britain wanted to hear.

This was proof that would give the white supremacist ideas that had underpinned British imperialism a real shot in the arm.

It would also get one up on those awful French paleontologists across the Channel who, it seemed, were digging up Cro-Magnons and Neanderthals all the time.

The Piltdown specimen was given the scientific name Eoanthropus dawsoni, or “Dawson’s dawn man.”

It honoured Charles Dawson, the Lewes lawyer and amateur paleontologist who claimed he had uncovered the Piltdown skull along with other fossils in the gravel of the Ouse valley in Sussex.

Dawson had form for scientific deceits. E. dawsoni was not the only species that he foisted on the scientific community.

Back in the 1890s, Dawson had announced the find of the teeth of what appeared to be a missing link between reptiles and mammals. This too gained sufficient credibility to be given a scientific name – Plagiaulax dawsoni.

He had made a cast-iron statue he claimed was Roman, found perfectly fossilised toads inside local flints, observed sea serpents in the English Channel, discovered a unique hafted stone axe and a unique form of ancient timber boat.

Dawson also found cart horses with horns. He also seems to have patched together a strange hybrid between the goldfish and the carp.

Today it is reckoned that Dawson perpetrated nearly 40 scientific frauds or hoaxes.

Within the social circles of his home county, these amazing discoveries earned him the title “the Wizard of Sussex.”

In March 1909 Dawson wrote to a friend complaining that he was “waiting for the big ‘find,’ which never seems to come along.”

A little while later after meeting Arthur Conan Doyle, Dawson conceived his greatest hoax – Piltdown Man.

He hoped it would gain him a fellowship of the Royal Society and earn him a knighthood.

With this fraud Dawson gave British palaeontology what it had craved for so long – a British ancestor, a missing link from the home counties.

His motives have never been properly explained. Was Dawson after fame and fortune? He never got the knighthood he thought Piltdown Man should have earned him.

Some have suggested his main aim was, as an amateur scientist, to get one over on the academic establishment. He certainly achieved that.

After Dawson’s death no bones or fossils were ever found in the Piltdown pits yet Piltdown Man was part of scientific theory until the 1950s.

Today we still have much to learn about the origins of the human species.

Sadly we also still have attitudes that somehow we Britons have some divine right to rule the world.


The other suspect…

Teilhard de Chardin was a young French Jesuit student studying theology in Hastings.

A keen amateur palaeontologist, he helped Dawson with the Piltdown dig.

Progressive US evolution champion Stephen Jay Gould has his suspicions that Chardin was in on the hoax.

The French cleric went on to be a major player in the discovery of Peking Man and also battled within the Catholic church moving Vatican opinion away from creationism to a more intelligent view of evolution and the origins of the human species.