This video says about itself:
13 May 2014
This video says about itself:
12 January 2012
From Clemson University in the USA:
Researchers help track mysterious, endangered ‘little devil’
May 1, 2014
Clemson University’s South Carolina Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit joined with Grupo Jaragua and the American Bird Conservancy to lead the first-ever effort to track via satellite the black-capped petrel, an endangered North Atlantic seabird known for its haunting call and mysterious nighttime habits.
There are only 13 known breeding colonies and an estimated 600 to 2,000 breeding pairs, all located in the remote areas of Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
The birds, which come to land only to breed, are known in their home range as “daiblotin” or “little devil” because of their eerie call and the sound produced by air moving over their wings during nocturnal flights.
Researchers recently affixed small solar-powered satellite transmitters to three birds raising chicks in the isolated mountains along the border region of Haiti and Dominican Republic.
The three birds have now headed out to sea in search of food. Their travels can be followed at black-capped petrel journeys.
Black-capped petrels are known to visit waters off the U.S. East Coast and have been seen in the Southeast as far north as Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.
“We are already seeing unique, real-time data that is adding to our understanding of the ecology of this species,” said Patrick Jodice, leader of the Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit and professor in Clemson’s School of Agricultural, Forest and Environmental Sciences. “The satellite transmitters are allowing us to document 24-hour flights of 400 to 500 miles, and they are foraging in parts of the southern Caribbean Sea that were somewhat unexpected.”
Black-capped petrel nests are under threat by Haitian communities dependent on land for farming and wood for cooking. The species is also believed to be threatened by losses from collisions with power lines and communications towers, wildfires and invasive predators, such as rats and cats.
Data from the satellite transmitters will deepen scientists’ understanding of the birds’ ecology at sea and help determine how best to improve the species’ conservation status.
“This is a pioneering effort for this species that will yield unique information about the petrels’ travel routes and foraging locations while breeding, the rate at which the birds feed their chicks over the course of the breeding season and, we hope, their dispersal following breeding,” Jodice said.
The South Carolina Cooperative Fish & Wildlife Research Unit is is supported by the U.S. Geological Survey, South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, Clemson University and the Wildlife Management Institute.
The satellite tagging project is supported by American Bird Conservancy, Mohamed bin Zayed Fund for Species Conservation, Cary and David Paynter through the H. Smith Richardson Jr. Charitable Lead Annuity Trust, Jeff Russinow, South Carolina Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, The Nature Conservancy, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Stuart and Lynn White.
This video says about itself:
A Brief History of Haiti that Every American Should Know
2 Feb 2010
Video dedicated to all the Americans who do not see that Haiti is in the state it is because of your government. Learn some history folks, pick up a book or watch a documentary once in a while.
Haiti: From Revolutionary Slaves to Powerless Citizens
03 March 2014 Taylor & Francis
Publication title: Haiti: From Revolutionary Slaves to Powerless Citizens
Author: Alex Dupuy
Publication type: Book (Hardback)
Publication date: 24 February 2014
ISBN number: 978-1-85743-710-2
Price: 85.00 GBP British Pounds
We’re pleased to announce the publication of Alex Dupuy’s new book Haiti: From Revolutionary Slaves to Powerless Citizens, the first title in our new series Europa Country Perspectives.
From the Routledge site:
Haiti: From Revolutionary Slaves to Powerless Citizens
Essays on the Politics and Economics of Underdevelopment, 1804-2013
This title focuses on Haiti from an international perspective. Haiti has endured undue influence from successive French and US governments; its fragile ‘democracy’ has been founded on subordination to and dominance of foreign powers. This book examines Haiti’s position within the global economic and political order, and how the more dominant members of the international community have, in varying ways, exploited the country over the last 200 years.
This video is called Haitians protest against plan to demolish homes.
From daily News Line in Britain:
Wednesday, 6 February 2013
700 HAITIAN FAMILIES EVICTED FROM MAKESHIFT CAMPS
Haitian authorities forcibly evicted nearly 700 families from two make-shift camps in the last two weeks, reported Amnesty International.
Hundreds of families were left homeless in a new wave of evictions.
The families, all victims of the earthquake over three years ago, were not given enough time to gather their belongings before their shelters were destroyed.
Police officers violently evicted 84 families from camp Fanm Koperativ in Port-au-Prince on 22 January.
Ten days earlier, on the third anniversary of Haiti’s devastating earthquake, municipal officials and officials from the Civil Protection Agency forcibly evicted around 600 families from Camp Place Sainte-Anne, also in Port-au-Prince.
Amnesty is calling on the authorities to stop all illegal and violent evictions of people living in make-shift camps and take meaningful steps to provide them with appropriate housing.
According to information gathered by Amnesty, the families evicted from camp Fanm Koperativ were not given any notice of the eviction.
They were forced out of their make-shift tents by the police accompanied by a group of men armed with machetes and hammers.
Suze Mondesir, a member of the camp committee, recounted their ordeal: ‘Around 10am a group of police officers accompanied by men armed with machetes and knives arrived at the camp.
‘They insulted us and began to demolish our tents.
‘The men pushed us around and the police waved their guns at us to prevent us from reacting.’
A few days before the eviction, residents had organised a press conference to denounce the lack of response from the authorities regarding their situation.
Residents believe that the expulsion might have happened as a reprisal to that.
Javier Zúñiga, Special Advisor at Amnesty International, said: ‘Evicting people living in make-shift camps inflicts yet more trauma on people who have already lost everything in the earthquake.
‘By not even allowing them time to gather their things and by leaving them out on the street, the authorities are denying earthquake victims their dignity.
‘Forcing people out of camps must be avoided at all costs, and there must be genuine consultation and the provision of adequate alternative housing before any eviction takes place.
‘The Haitian authorities must prioritise the housing needs of those people still living in dire conditions in displacement camps three years after the earthquake.’
Women have been particularly affected by the eviction as they have not only lost their homes and belongings but also their small business initiatives.
Cléane Etienne, a resident from Camp Fanm Koperatif said: ‘They kicked over the pot of coffee which I was going to sell. That was my livelihood. Now I need money to start over.’
Another woman said: ‘Not only did we lose our belongings but we also had to buy wood and tarpaulins to rebuild our shelters, because we have nowhere else to go.’
The residents at Camp Place Sainte-Anne were informed of the eviction only five days in advance and were promised 20,000 gourdes (approximately £330) per family.
However, according to the local organisation Groupe d’Appui aux Refugiés et Repatriés, 250 families have yet to receive the money.
On the day of the eviction, none of the families were given enough time to gather their belongings before their shelters were destroyed.
Carnise Delbrun, a member of the camp committee in Camp Place Sainte-Anne, said: ‘We saw municipal officials firing in the air, throwing stones so we would leave, the police came later to back them up.
‘Four people were hurt including a one year-old baby and a five year-old child who were injured by a plank of wood when the municipal officials were destroying their tent.
‘Other residents were hit by stones and a lot of us lost money, mobile phones and other personal effects.’
On 12 January 2010, a devastating earthquake in Haiti left 200,000 dead and 2.3 million people homeless. Hundreds of millions of pounds were pledged in interntional aide.
American troops were sent in and fired on the poor of the working class area of Port-au-Prince accusing them of looting when in fact they were trying to secure bottled water for their families.
Later, UN troops brought cholera to the devastated area and caused thousands more deaths.
Three years on, it is estimated that more than 350,000 people are currently living in 496 camps across the country.
Many of the 350,000 people still living in makeshift camps following the 2012 earthquake are also at risk.
Decades of government inaction, growing frustration and decreasing citizen tolerance leave little margin for error.
In their latest report Governing Haiti: Time for National Consensus, the International Crisis Group alluded to the coming revolutionary struggles which lie ahead for the Haitian masses.
‘The challenges facing Haiti are not difficult to see’, says Javier Ciurlizza, Crisis Group’s Latin America and Caribbean Program Director.
‘They focus on a need for good governance, consensus building among the elites, effectively implemented poverty reduction strategies and strengthened rule of law.
‘Sadly, these challenges have never been confronted effectively. Haiti today presents little cause for optimism’.
The report stated: ‘The Haitian brand of politics in effect virtually excludes the majority of citizens, and it is becoming increasingly difficult for any administration to govern effectively.
‘The electoral calendar laid down in the constitution is never respected, so the terms of elected officials expire without replacement, giving rise to institutional instability.
‘Elections are largely a contest between political and economic elites, as a myriad of parties give voice to few, fail to mobilise the electorate and fragment parliament.
‘Voter participation has been falling since 2006, along with public confidence.
‘Poverty reduction strategies need to be effectively implemented.
‘It is increasingly evident that functional governance is unlikely until and unless the business community, religious, professional and political leaderships can reach an accord.
‘Otherwise Haiti faces increasing internal unrest.’
Ciurlizza added: ‘Sadly, these challenges have never been confronted effectively.
‘Haiti today presents little cause for optimism. For every instance of progress on any of these fronts, there are multiple instances of regression or, at best, stasis’.
The report concludes:: ‘What has changed, though, are the recent signs of a genuine demand for an end to that stalemate from donors who are also showing strong signs of fatigue.
‘If Haiti is to pull through, the better angels in the natures of its leaders are going to have to prevail for once and prevail soon.
‘This is a thin reed on which to float the country’s future; but it might be all it has.’
The United Nations ducked behind a screen of diplomatic immunity on Thursday and rejected a claim for damages on behalf of more than 5,000 Haitian cholera victims and their families: here.
This is a video about a demonstration by the UNNOH trade union in Haiti.
By John Marion:
Strike, protests belie Haitian government’s free education claims
17 November 2012
On November 13 and 14, the UNNOH (Union Nationale des Normaliens Haïtiens), which represents graduates of Haitian teachers colleges, staged a strike featuring nine demands. The union was also protesting a new 2 percent tax on salaries planned by the government.
Notable among the strikers’ demands are the establishment of a cholera vaccination program in schools and colleges. As of November 7, the cholera epidemic has killed more than 7,600 Haitians, including almost 600 children under the age of five, according to the Haitian Ministry of Public Health and Population.
The union is also demanding the creation of cafeterias serving hot meals in all schools and colleges, pointing to the importance of physical health and nutrition in the learning process.
In terms of economic demands, the strikers are fighting for a minimum monthly wage of 50,000 gourdes (approximately US $1,200) plus benefits, the full payment of all teachers’ salaries currently in arrears, the dedication of 30 percent of the national budget to K-12 education, and the commitment of 4 percent of the national budget to public higher education. According to the UNNOH’s statistics, this latter category currently receives only 0.55 percent of the public budget.
At a press conference on Tuesday, the union called on teachers, professors, students, parents, administrators, and other unions to join it in order to “finally obtain from the State the total satisfaction of these demands,” according to Le Nouvelliste.
The strike was originally planned for October, but postponed because of the devastation wrought by Hurricane Sandy in Haiti. Events continue to overtake the plans of the UNNOH, as street demonstrations are erupting in Port-au-Prince over the shooting death of a college student by a police cadet.
On the night of November 10, 24-year-old Damaël D’Haiti attended a party traditionally held each fall to welcome newly admitted students to the Faculty of Law and Economic Sciences at the State University of Haiti. Damaël, who was close to finishing his own education, was shot in the head by Pierre Paul Masséus, for reasons which are still “under investigation.” Masséus is a member of the most recent class promoted from the police academy.
Protests erupted in Port-au-Prince the day after the murder, and continued into a fourth day on Wednesday.
A video clip on the web site of Le Nouvelliste showed peaceful protesters chanting for justice as they ran past an army vehicle in the street. However, police fired teargas as well as live ammunition, causing 50 people—including school children—to faint, and protesters constructed barricades in some streets.
The administration of the UEH (l’Universite d’Etat d’Haiti, or State University of Haiti) closed the school for 24 hours on Tuesday in protest of the murder. The university’s hospital stayed open, treating many victims of the tear gas attacks and one student shot in the arm.
Haitian President Michel Martelly, already the subject of protests because of food shortages, corruption, and abuses of power, now confronts challenges to what was supposed to be his great accomplishment: the reform of the country’s education system, including the implementation of his campaign promises of free public education for all. Even after his election, Martelly promoted himself as the first Haitian President able to accomplish this historic feat.
To that end, the government established the FNE (Fonds National pour l’Education, or National Education Fund), to be paid for by a 5 cent per minute fee on all telephone calls coming into the country and a US $1.50 transaction fee on all incoming remittances from Haitians living abroad. The FNE also receives contributions from the International Monetary Fund, the International Development Bank, and the World Bank.
Given that close to 90 percent of Haiti’s K-12 education happens in private and religious schools, such a program is ripe for profit seekers.
On a web site promoting the program, the Martelly government promised that 350,000 students would benefit in the first year (2011-2012). 1.5 million students were supposed to receive funding by the end of his five-year term as president. However, an August 2012 IMF report found that only 165,500 children had benefitted in the first year, and that the amounts of support were negligible: US $90 for children attending private schools, and only $6 for those in public schools.
In the wake of the 2010 earthquake, food shortages, and two hurricanes this year, the country’s education system is grossly underfunded. The government was forced to put off the start of classes—originally scheduled for September 3—until October 1 this year, and threatened to penalize any schools which charged parents for the month of September.
By Kate Randall in the USA:
Hurricane Sandy leaves 8 million without power in US
31 October 2012
Hurricane Sandy came ashore in New Jersey Monday evening and steamed inland on Tuesday, delivering punishing winds, rain and snow. The US death toll rose to 40, with many of the victims killed by falling trees. More than 8 million people were left without power.
Before making its way up the Eastern Seaboard, Sandy killed at least 69 people in the Caribbean. The majority of these deaths were in Haiti, where hundreds of thousands of people remain homeless or in abject poverty nearly three years after an earthquake struck the nation.
After Hurricane Sandy made landfall, the storm merged with a winter system coming from the west, both fed by cold air from Canada, creating what many dubbed a “superstorm.” The impact was felt across a 1,000-mile-wide area, toppling trees in New England and crashing waves off Lake Michigan in Chicago.
Sandy took its most brutal toll on New York City, as a 13-foot storm surge, some 3 feet higher than the previous record, flooded Lower Manhattan. More than 600,000 people remained without power throughout the city’s five boroughs as of Tuesday, including as many as a quarter million in Manhattan alone. Mayor Michael Bloomberg said it could be three days or more before power is restored.
Transportation in the largest US city ground to a halt. It is unclear when the subways, which shut down Sunday in advance of the storm, will be able to resume operation. While the mayor gave an optimistic estimate of four or five days, Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) spokeswoman Majorie Anders stated bluntly, “We have no idea how long it’s going to take.”
The storm flooded six subway tunnels between Manhattan and Brooklyn, plus a seventh linking Manhattan and Queens. The surge of salt water inundated signals and switches, electrified third rails, and covered tracks with sludge and debris. During the height of the storm, some subway cars were photographed with water at platform level. Once the extensive repairs have been made, transit workers will have to walk the hundreds of miles of track to inspect it. Amtrak train service was also cancelled along the Northeast corridor.
The New York area’s three international airports—LaGuardia, JFK and Newark—remain closed, wreaking havoc on air travel not only in the Northeast region, but throughout the country. A quarter of all US flights travel to or from these airports each day. Some 16,000 flights have been cancelled and the number is growing. Television footage showed LaGuardia runways still covered in water. Lighting, signals and other safety equipment may have been damaged.
The New York Stock Exchange remained closed for a second day on Tuesday, the first time since the late nineteenth century, but was expected to reopen Wednesday. Classes were cancelled for some 4.7 million public school students. Broadway theaters were closed; Central Park was blocked off. People were evacuated from hotels in midtown Manhattan as a construction crane dangled precariously atop a luxury high-rise.
At least 10 people died in New York City as a result of downed electrical wires, falling trees and debris, or by drowning. When a generator failed Monday night at New York University’s Tisch Hospital, staff members were forced to evacuate 200 patients—including 20 babies in neonatal intensive care, breathing with the aid of battery-powered respirators—to waiting ambulances to be taken to other hospitals.
More than 80 homes were destroyed early Tuesday morning when a fire broke out in the Breezy Point neighborhood of Queens. Firefighters waded through chest-high water to reach stranded residents, many of whom had to be rescued by boat. Pockets of embers continued to burn Tuesday morning and electrical wires dangled precariously near the street.
In neighboring New Jersey, more than 2 million people are without power. Many roads and bridges are closed and mass transit is at a standstill. Governor Chris Christie estimated that it could be at least 10 days before PATH trains between New Jersey and Lower Manhattan are restored to service.
About 5,500 New Jersey residents are in shelters, and first responders continue to rescue people from flooded areas. Hundreds of people were stranded when floodwaters swept through the small towns of Moonachie and Little Ferry. Fifty to 60 people were rescued by boat Tuesday morning from a mobile-home park in Moonachie after a berm was breached overnight.
Three nuclear plants shut down in New York and New Jersey, and two others have curtailed their operations. PSEG Nuclear shut down a unit of its plant in Salem, in southern New Jersey, after problems with circulating water pumps. In Buchanan, New York, Entergy Nuclear shut down its Indian Point Unit 3 due to external electrical grid issues.
Some 1.2 million were left without power in Pennsylvania at the height of the storm. Utility PECO Energy, which serves Philadelphia and its suburbs, said it could take up to a week to restore power. More than 350,000 lost power in Maryland, Washington, D.C., and northern Virginia.
In Connecticut, the storm flooded roads and damaged homes from Groton to Greenwich, and left more than 600,000 utility customers without power. Governor Dannel Malloy urged residents stranded by rising waters to move to their roofs, saying, “This is a Katrina-like warning we are issuing.” Three people have died in the state, including a volunteer firefighter.
Massachusetts utilities reported some 270,000 customers without power as of midday Tuesday, including extensive outages in the central part of the state. National Grid, NStar and other utility companies are already facing millions of dollars in fines over their poor response to hurricanes and snowstorms last year. National Grid spokesperson Charlotte McCormack commented to the media, “We don’t have any timelines for power being restored at this time.”
Blizzard conditions spun off the edge of superstorm Sandy Tuesday, with wet snow and high winds hitting parts of West Virginia and neighboring Appalachian states. More than a foot of snow was reported in lower elevations of West Virginia, and at least 236,000 customers were without power in the state as of early Tuesday. Parts of the Virginia Highlands, northeast Tennessee and northwest North Carolina were also affected by the storm.
The widespread damage wrought by Sandy is spread across 12 states. Initial estimates place property damage at $20 billion, with $10 billion to $30 billion more in lost business, according to HIS Global Insight, a forecasting firm.
The area affected accounts for about a quarter of the national gross domestic product. Paul Ashworth, chief US economic at Capital Economics, estimates this works out to about $13 trillion a day in economic output.
The region includes New York City, the nerve center of the world financial system. Uncertainty about the ability to restore the city’s crippled transit system and infrastructure threatens not only incalculable damage to the economy, but hardship for workers and residents that is difficult to measure in the immediate aftermath of the storm.
Storm’s damage to aging infrastructure leaves New York City paralyzed: here.
We Are All from New Orleans Now: Climate Change, Hurricanes and the Fate of America’s Coastal Cities: here.
Name storms after oil companies — they’re the ones most responsible for climate change: here.
This video is called PROTEST IN HAITI.
By John Marion:
16 October 2012
A series of protests have swept Haiti in recent months sparked by government corruption, spikes in the prices of staple foods, and the anniversary of the September 30,1991 coup that overthrew former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
The government of President Michel Martelly has met these challenges with violence.
Underlying the popular upheavals is protracted social deprivation. Nearly three years after the January 12, 2010 earthquake, one third of the 1.5 million Haitians who were left homeless are still without permanent shelter. The cholera epidemic, a result of the UN’s military occupation of the country, has killed more than 7,400 people, and this past spring had developed a new strain, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In July, The New York Times reported that the epidemic had killed 400 people and sickened 50,000 over the previous three months.
Against this backdrop, Martelly—a former musician who was given the nickname “Sweet Mickey” by the head of the national police after the 1991 coup—has put forward the slogan “Haiti is open for business.” In other words, he intends to repress any popular movement that threatens profits.
Hundreds of anti-government protesters took to the streets of Port-au-Prince on October 2 to protest living conditions in the city’s slums. On October 5, another protest led by teachers demanding a base salary of 50,000 gourdes ($ US 1,200) per year drew thousands of workers into the capital’s streets. That such a small amount has to be fought for shows the disdain with which Haiti’s ruling elite treats its workers.
Protesters have shouted “Madame Martelly is pocketing money … while the people collapse from hunger and can’t send their children to school” and “down with the high cost of living,” according to Haiti Liberte.
One protester told the AP that “The president has made so many promises but nothing has become a reality … it’s only a clique of his friends who are making money.” Early on in his presidency, Martelly promised a free education for the country’s 1.5 million school children.
Videos of a September 30 protest in Port-au-Prince show demonstrators holding up red cards against the government, borrowing the soccer symbol that a player has been ejected from the game. Martelly, returning from a trip to the United States, responded by walking from the airport to the site of the presidential palace with supporters. Haiti Liberte reported that this march included “musical groups who are in the pay of the Interior Minister.”
In response to the protests, Martelly told Le Nouvelliste that “destabilizing elements” will be “pursued by justice.” This veiled threat has already been realized in the form of violent police reaction in cities across the country.
According to Haiti Liberte, a 19-year-old man was killed on October 8 when police opened fire on protesters in the city of Fort-Liberté. On the same day, four protesters were wounded by bullets during a demonstration demanding the restoration of electricity in Belladère. On October 4 in Petit-Goâve, a woman in her 80s was killed when Martelly’s security guards fired teargas at protesters while he attended an event sponsored by USAID.
Haitian art: here.
This video is called CIA Archives: Haiti’s François Duvalier Dictatorship (1971).
By Meena Jagannath, Dissident Voice in the USA:
Haitian Political Prisoner Released, Says Repression Likely to Continue
Sunday, 23 September 2012 14:18
Two weeks ago, a weary looking yet jubilant David Oxygène stepped out of the prison building into a throng of supporters. The Haitian political activist was released after over two months in prison since he was arrested on June 19, 2012, during one of his group’s weekly Port-au-Prince demonstrations in front of the Ministry of Social Affairs, calling on the Martelly government for work and better social policies for Haiti’s poor.
Oxygène, a leader of the grassroots organization MOLEGHAF, (Movement for Liberty and Equality by Haitians for Fraternity), was ordered released by a Haitian judge after his attorney, Mario Joseph of the Bureau des Avocats Internationaux, argued that the arrest was unfounded.1 Oxygène was charged with vandalism of a white Nissan SUV belonging to the executive of Haiti’s telecommunications bureau, CONATEL. However, while the charges indicated Oxygene smashed a window of the car with a rock during the protest, Oxygene maintained that he never saw the car described in the complaint. The police simply arrived and singled him out without reason. Fellow activist Duckens Charles, in an act of brave solidarity, then had himself arrested to go to prison with Oxygene.
Over the course of Joseph’s representation of Oxygène and Charles, it became evident that there was no evidence to support the charges against Oxygène. The BAI thus filed a request for a main levee d’écrou, an order that allows the judge to release prisoners whose detention cannot be substantiated. The order was issued by the investigating judge and signed off by the deputy prosecutor on August 23, 2012, but it remained on the desk of the Chief Prosecutor for a full week, awaiting his personal approval of the release (an anomaly, since an order signed by the investigating judge and deputy prosecutor is usually enough to authorize release of the prisoner). Oxygène and Charles were finally released on the evening of August 30, 2012.
In an interview after his release, Oxygène said that he had received a warning before his arrest from a Martelly supporter who urged Oxygène to be prudent because he would be imprisoned if he did not stop protesting against the Martelly government’s policies. Oxygène mentioned that while in prison, he was offered his release if he accepted a position in the Martelly government.
“I could never take such a compromise, and so I was prepared to remain in prison,” Oxygène says. “I knew that if the BAI’s judicial route did not bear fruits, I could be there for a long, long time.”
The arrest was not the first indication that Haiti’s president is intent on silencing opposition. Martelly has embraced the return to Haiti of former dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier, and urged that Duvalier be given amnesty for actions of political repression including arresting, torturing, and killing political opponents in a notorious three-prison “Triangle of Death.” Martelly has also threatened journalists who were critical of his government and members of Martelly’s staff roughed up some journalists and destroyed some of their equipment. Martelly has still not scheduled overdue elections to replace Haitian senators whose terms have expired.
For his part, Oxygène says he and MOLEGHAF have no intention of muting their call to action to address the grinding poverty in Haiti. “We demand social services like work and decent housing,” Oxygène says. “We’re not asking for a couple little jobs here and there – we’re asking for a fundamental change that allows the poorest folks to have a decent life, to make a decent living.
“Martelly promised that he was going to make change but nothing has changed, and people see that. People’s bad situations have gotten worse,” Oxygène says. “There is growing discontent in the quartiers populaires, or poor neighborhoods, where young men don’t have work and families go hungry.”
During his two-month stay in prison, Oxygène was held in a section of the National Penitentiary called “Titanic,” a cell made for 34 people but held as many as 100 prisoners. They receive a small quantity of untreated water daily, which is for brushing one’s teeth, bathing and even drinking. Prisoners often suffer from digestive diseases and skin problems as a result. The Inter-American Court of Human Rights declared Haiti’s miserable conditions for pre-trial detainees an ongoing human rights violation in its 2008 ruling in the Yvon Neptune case.
An audit by US agency USAid said today that its largest contractor in Haiti is “not on track” to complete its assignments on schedule, has a weak monitoring system and is not adequately involving community members: here.
This video is about the Jalousie neighbourhood in Haiti, 20 November 2010.
From daily The Morning Star in Britain:
Haitian protesters fight slum clearances
Tuesday 26 June 2012
by Our Foreign Desk
More than 1,000 Haitians marched through the capital Port-au-Prince on Monday to protest against a reported plan to destroy their hillside shanties for a flood-control project.
Police fired tear gas in an attempt to control the protesters, some of whom threw rocks.
The demonstrators snaked through Port-au-Prince chanting threats to burn down the relatively affluent district near the shanties if the authorities flatten their homes.
The Environment Ministry said last week that officials want to demolish several hundred homes to build channels and reforest the hillsides in an effort to curb floods that come with the annual rain season.
Many of the threatened homes are in Jalousie, a shanty town that spreads across a mountainside alongside the affluent city of Petionville.
The protesters said that President Michel Martelly had not fulfilled his promise to build homes destroyed in the 2010 earthquake.
The disaster destroyed tens of thousands of houses in the capital and other cities in the south and 314,000 people died.
The government is building hundreds of homes north of the capital, but too few to house the more than 400,000 people still living in the precarious settlements that emerged in the aftermath of the quake.
In an effort to move people out of the camps, the Haitian government, foreign aid groups and governments gave displaced people year-long rental subsidies.
Residents of six highly visible camps moved into hillside shanty areas such as Jalousie. Others have moved there because they were evicted by landowners.
Port-au-Prince, a city of around 3 million people, has seen concrete houses and hovels sprawl across its hills because governments past and present have failed to provide affordable housing.
The march began peacefully but some protesters threw rocks at a towering hotel financed by the Clinton Bush Haiti Fund, a charity set up after the earthquake by former US presidents Bill Clinton and George W Bush.
The demonstrators were angry to see the opulent hotel under construction amid fears that they will lose their homes.
Update 13 July 2012: About 100 people marched in Haiti’s capital on Thursday to protest against a government plan that threatens to demolish their homes: here.
Britain: Transport workers called for joint action with the TUC today to support the Haitian people’s struggle two and a half years after a devastating earthquake killed over 300,000: here.
As mining conglomerates target Haiti, Latin America rises against them: here.
“This is How Duvalier Started”: Critics of Haitian President Imprisoned: here.
This video says about itself:
The Black-capped Petrel (Pterodroma hasitata) is an endangered species. These are the very first chick photos obtained in Haiti. For more info: http://www.grupojaragua.org.do/diablotin_english.htm
Black-capped Petrel may warrant protection under the endangered species act
Wed, Jun 20, 2012
A nocturnal seabird, the black-capped petrel, may warrant federal protection as a threatened or endangered species.
Endangered means the species is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range; threatened means the species is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range.
The black-capped petrel is found in North America and the Caribbean, and is known by several common names: “black-capped petrel,” “capped petrel,” and “West Indian petrel” in North America and on English-speaking islands. In the Greater and Lesser Antilles, the bird is known as “diablotín” (little devil). In Cuba, the bird also is referred to as “bruja” (witch).
This decision, commonly known as a 90-day finding, is based on scientific information about the species presented by WildEarth Guardians in a petition to list the species and designate critical habitat, as well as information found in Service files at the time the petition was received. The Service will now conduct a thorough status review of the species to determine whether the species warrants protection under the Endangered Species Act (Act).
“This finding does not mean that the Service has decided it is appropriate to list the black-capped petrel,” said Edwin Muñiz, Field Supervisor for the Caribbean Ecological Services Field Office. “The 90-day finding is the first step in a process that triggers a more thorough review of all the biological information available.”
”We are encouraging the public to submit any relevant information about the black-capped petrel and its habitat to us for consideration in the comprehensive review,” Muñiz said.
The black-capped petrel has a grey-brown back and wings, with a white nape and rump. The seabird’s underparts are mainly white apart from a black cap and some dark underwing markings. It picks food items such as squid from the ocean surface. The seabird nests in colonies on islands and are found at sea when not breeding.
Currently, there are only 13 known breeding colonies and an estimated 600 to 2,000 breeding pairs. While historically the black-capped petrel had breeding colonies throughout the Caribbean region, current breeding populations are known only on the island of Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), and possibly Dominica and Martinique. The non-breeding range of the black-capped petrel is along the coast between North Carolina and Florida.
The black-capped petrel faces many potential threats to its continued existence, including human encroachment, deforestation, agricultural modification, offshore oil exploration and development, overuse from subsistence hunting, predation by introduced species, pollution, mercury bioaccumulation and inadequate regulatory mechanisms.
Predation by introduced species, such as Indian mongoose, Virginia opossum, feral cats, dogs, pigs, and rats also contributed to the decline and possible elimination of the species from multiple locations in the West Indies. Pollution, bioaccumulation of heavy metals, and oil spills potentially threaten the existence of the petrel as researchers have noted that the species has a mercury concentration seven to nine times higher than other similar seabirds.
Additionally, impacts specific to the black-capped petrels could include changes in habitat suitability, loss of nesting burrows washed out by rain or flooding, increased petrel strandings inland during storm events, and increased risk from animal-borne disease.
North Atlantic Seabirds – Multimedia Identification Guide to Pterodroma Petrels: here.