Autumn mushrooms and birds


Armillaria mellea, Elswout, 10 November 2013

10 November 2013. To Elswout estate. Near the entrance, a jay calls. Among the fallen leaves, big old Armillaria mellea mushrooms; photographed, like the other pictures in this blog post, with a mobile phone.

Ramaria fagetorum

A bit further, next to beech trees, Ramaria fagetorum fungi. Elswout is one of few places in the Netherlands where this species grows.

Amethyst deceiver fungus, Elswout, 10 November 2013

Then, an amethyst deceiver fungus.

A blackbird calls.

Ascotremella faginea fungi.

Robin and nuthatch sounds.

White domecap, Elswout, 10 November 2013

White domecap mushrooms.

White coral fungi.

Ascocoryne sarcoides, Elswout, 10 November 2013

Ascocoryne sarcoides is present as well.

A buzzard circling in the air.

Sulphur tuft fungi.

Triple earthstar, Elswout, 10 November 2013

Then, beautiful triple earthstars.

Stay tuned, as there will be more Elswout fungi on this blog.

Botanical garden orchids, parakeets and jays


This video from the botanical garden in Leiden, the Netherlands, is about a 2010 orchids exhibition there.

In the botanical garden hothouses, 6,000 tropical orchids grow.

On our way to the garden, two ring-necked parakeets sat in a tree along the canal. They were eating fruits.

In the pond near the garden entrance, mallards and coots swimming. A jackdaw on the bank.

Two jays on a hedge in front of the hothouse buildings. Magpies there as well.

After the reconstruction of the hothouses, the two tropical aquariums have inhabitants again. In the aquarium to the left, crystal red shrimps. And glowlight rasbora fish. And threadfin rainbowfish.

Also cherry barb fish.

This is a cherry barb video.

In the aquarium at the right: golden zebra loach; pearl gourami; and honey gourami.

The aquariums mimic Asian fresh water environments.

To the left, the orchid hothouses. Prosthechea cochleata was flowering. So was a Dendrochilum species.

Still further to the left is the Victoria amazonica hall. The reconstruction of the hall is finished, but this biggest water-lily species in the world is not back yet; still in a nursery pond. When it will be back, it will share the hall with the world’s smallest flowering plants, Wolffia, which are there already.

Goldfish swam in the Victoria amazonica pond. Is the catfish, which used to be here before reconstruction, back?

Near the astronomical observatory, Coprinellus flocculosus fungi.

Many beechnuts. Saffron flowers.

A grey heron on the lawn.

Near the source of the stream: candlestick fungus.

On a tree a ring-necked parakeet. And a great spotted woodpecker climbing upwards.

Crocus goulimyi flowers.

As we leave, a great crested grebe swims and dives in the pond near the entrance/exit.

Rare mushrooms in Dutch nature reserve


This is a Dutch regional TV video, about the official opening of nature reserve Rotstergaaster Wallen near Heerenveen; a reserve with special attention for fungi.

Waxcaps are beautiful, but often rare, mushrooms.

In Europe they are characteristic of old, unimproved grasslands (called waxcap grasslands); a declining habitat.

The Rotstergaaster Wallen in Friesland is a meadow area which has never been ‘improved’ with fertilizer. It is now a nature reserve. 25 of the 47 Dutch waxcap species live there.

Including the rare splendid waxcap.

Texel sanderlings, snipe and kestrel


This video is called Birds on Texel.

After 24 October 2013 on Texel island comes 25 October 2013.

In the village, a collared dove on a TV antenna.

To the dunes and beach north-west of Den Hoorn village.

Two Egyptian geese flying.

A meadow pipit.

A snipe takes off, with loud etch-etch sounds while it flies.

A bit further along the footpath, many feathers of a bigger relative of the snipe. Probably, that woodcock was caught by a bird of prey.

Most of the heather flowers are gone, but there are still a few ones.

Next, a robin. A wren. Both still very much alive.

A carrion crow on a bush.

Exmoor ponies. We pass highland cattle, including a calf. Like the ponies, they are here to prevent the dunes from becoming overgrown; thus, benefiting special insects and special birds like red-backed shrikes feeding on those insects.

A male pheasant. Parasol fungi.

We arrive at the beach.

This video is about the dunes and beach of Texel island.

Many herring gulls. Scores of sanderlings running along the land wash like electric toy birds.

Two turnstones. A few lesser black-backed gulls.

We return along a dune forest path. Armillaria solidipes fungi. False death cap mushrooms.

South of the forest, the Bollekamer dunes.

A kestrel hovering in the air.

Not only are there still a few heather flowers, but quite some cross-leaved heath flowers as well.

Texel dunes and plants: here.

Texel island fungi again


Fragile brittlegill

Texel island, 24 October 2013. Still looking for fungi in the western forest. Like this fragile brittlegill.

Then, birch milkcap.

And blackening russula.

Again, a bay bolete. And Rhodocollybia butyracea. And blusher.

And rufous milkcap.

Tawny grisette

And a beautiful tawny grisette.

Cortinarius

And Cortinarius fungi. That genus has over 2000 species, so it is difficult to say which species.

Further along the footpath, an amethyst deceiver fungus.

And a common roll-rim.

White fibrecap

And this white fibrecap.

A blackbird calls. Goldcrest sounds.

Milk-drop Mycena, Texel, 24 October 2013

Back to mushrooms. Like this milk-drop Mycena.

A false chanterelle.

False death cap

And, finally, this false death cap.

There will be more on Texel island wildlife here; mainly about Texel birds, not Texel fungi.

Dutch autumn 2013 fungi: here.

Autumn mushrooms and birds, revisited


This video is about Oud-Poelgeest estate in Oegstgeest, the Netherlands.

Like a few days ago, today again to the woodlands of the Heempark and Oud-Poelgeest.

In the Heempark, this time four muscovy ducks: three adults and a youngster. Mallards.

Of last time’s mushrooms, the oldest one of the two fly agaric fungi was gone now. The youngest one was still there; with its hat spread out by now.

The sulphur tufts’ colour had changed from yellowish to dark brown.

Near them, a great tit calling.

The storm had brought down some trees, hundreds of branches, and ten thousands of leaves.

In the meadow between Oud-Poelgeest and Heempark: domestic geese and one lesser Canada goose. Two Egyptian geese.

In Oud-Poelgeest, a robin singing; ring-necked parakeets calling.

Still Armillaria mellea fungi.

Storm on Texel island: here.

Texel mushrooms, continued


Yellow club, Texel, 24 October 2013

24 October 2013. After our earlier Texel island fungi of that day, now the next ones. Beginning with these yellow club fungi.

Sulphur knight, Texel, 24 October 2013

A bit further along the motor car road (where Arthur Oosterbaan of Ecomare museum had not expected so many fungi), a sulphur knight mushroom.

A bit further, clouded agaric fungi.

A suede bolete. Then, Rhodocollybia butyracea.

A deceiver mushroom.

Then, emetic russula.

Followed by a Lactarius hepaticus.

Mycena epipterigya

Then, smaller mushrooms: Mycena epipterigya.

Birch milkcap, Texel, 24 October 2013

Then, a bit bigger again: birch milkcap.

Further along the forest footpath, bare-toothed Russula.

A jay calls.

A penny bun. And its relative, a bay bolete.

Blusher fungi, Texel, 24 October 2013

Finally, for this blog post: blusher mushrooms.

Stay tuned, as there will be another Texel fungi blog post here later.

Texel island fungi


Paxillus panuoides

24 October 2013, after 23 October on Texel island. Is this mild and wet autumn good for fungi? we, and Arthur Oosterbaan of Ecomare museum, ask ourselves. At our starting point in Texel’s western forest, we see a fallen tree with two-banded longhorn beetle feeding marks on it. And one of our first fungi this morning: Paxillus panuoides.

Rickenella setipes

Not far away, small mushroom species, including Rickenella setipes on this photograph.

Then, Lactarius hepaticus. This species lives in symbiosis with coniferous trees.

Next, we see Armillaria mellea. A fungus, notorious for destroying trees. Another mushroom species with a bad reputation is the death cap. It tastes OK, but it may kill people eating it. The death cap has not yet been recorded on Texel. There are about 2000 fungi species on the island; 5000 in all of the Netherlands.

Next sulphur tufts, on their favourite spot: dead wood.

Milk-drop Mycena

Then, a smaller species: milk-drop Mycena.

Near a birch, an ugly milk-cap.

Parasol mushroom, 24 October 2013

We are coming close to a border between forest and sand dunes. Here, several parasol fungi, associated with dunes.

A robin sings.

A buzzard flying over the dunes.

A typical dune mushroom: witch’s hat.

And another one: Scotch bonnet.

Back to the forest: Rhytisma acerinum fungus has caused black spots on leaves. On a birch tree, birch bracket.

Armillaria solidipes, Texel, 24 October 2013

Then, Armillaria solidipes.

Next, oak milkcap.

Then, Clitocybe vibecina fungi: the first ones of this autumn.

Next to it, Inocybe geophylla.

Scaly wood mushroom, Texel, 24 October 2013

Then, the scaly wood mushroom of this photo.

And buttery collybia.

And stag’s horn fungus.

There will be more Texel fungi on this blog, so stay tuned!

Little grebes and bearded reedlings


This video, by Luuk Punt, shows many common swifts over the Kennemermeer lake in the Netherlands; in June.

However, now it is 20 October 2013; the swifts probably are already in Africa. After the IJmuiden pier and its seabirds, we are back on land. To the Kennemermeer.

Near a restaurant, a magpie.

In the lake, herring gulls. A greater black-backed gull and a lesser black-backed gull swim next to each other, making it easy to see the difference.

Little grebes swimming.

Bearded reedlings fly past, making their typical sounds. Bearded reedling photos: here. And here.

A beautiful white flower: bog-star.

Starling flocks.

In one corner of the lake, scores of common pochards. They dive often.

On a fence, coral spot fungi.

Great tit sound.

Autumn mushrooms and birds


Inocybe rimosa, Heempark, 17 October 2013

17 October 2013. To the woodlands of the Heempark and Oud-Poelgeest. Near the Heempark entrance, a tree stump with various fungi species, including artist’s bracket and Armillaria mellea fungi. A bit further, plenty of amethyst deceiver and Inocybe rimosa fungi.

Amethyst deceiver fungi, Heempark, 17 October 2013

A robin sings.

A deceiver fungus. Reddish colour today, as, though it is dry now, it has been raining for days. If the weather is dry, then this species looks brownish.

A mallard and a black-headed gull fly past.

One muscovy duck swimming, one on the bank.

Turkey tail fungi, Heempark, 17 October 2013

On a tree stump, turkey tail fungi.

Fly agaric, 17 October 2013

A bit further, two fly agaric mushrooms. The oldest one does not have a complete hat any more (eaten by slugs?); but the youngest one still has. This species is rare and rather recent here, as it belongs on sandy soils, and this is originally a peaty region. However, sand is often brought in for construction etc.

Sulphur tufts, Heempark, 17 October 2013

Then, lots of sulphur tufts around a stump.

Sulphur tufts again, Heempark, 17 October 2013

We continue, to the path between the Heempark and Oud-Poelgeest. Still some chicory flowers. Two Egyptian geese, and a flock of domestic geese.

In Oud-Poelgeest, sulphur tufts, and a fallen fly agaric.

Armillaria mellea, Oud-Poelgeest, 18 October 2013

Armillaria mellea fungi on an old oak tree.

A nuthatch calls.

On the other side of the canal bordering on the woodland, a wren sits on a reed stem, calling.

Birch polypore, Heempark, 17 October 2013

Back to the Heempark. On a fallen birch tree, birch polypore fungus.