This video from Australia is called MEET The MINKE WHALES.
Biologists estimate there are about 9,000 minke whales in the North Sea, especially its northern parts.
This video from Australia is called MEET The MINKE WHALES.
Biologists estimate there are about 9,000 minke whales in the North Sea, especially its northern parts.
This video is called Edward Snowden: Here’s how we take back the Internet.
By Thomas Gaist:
United Nations report: US, UK surveillance programs violate international law
18 July 2014
A report released Wednesday by United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) Navi Pillay, entitled “The Right to Privacy in the Digital Age”, finds that surveillance practices carried out by the major powers, the United States and the United Kingdom, in particular, violate basic principles of international law and are destructive of democratic rights.
The report singles out a number of government activities that conflict with international law, including bulk collection of communications metadata, unrestricted sharing of data between government agencies, reliance on secret rules and secret courts, dragnet surveillance of foreigners, and the use of surveillance to facilitate drone strikes. The report warns that new forms of data-sharing and surveillance-related interactions between governments and corporations pose immense dangers to people’s democratic rights.
“Examples of overt and covert digital surveillance in jurisdictions around the world have proliferated, with governmental mass surveillance emerging as a dangerous habit rather than an exceptional measure,” the report states. “Governments reportedly have threatened to ban the services of telecommunication and wireless equipment companies unless given direct access to communication traffic, tapped fibre-optic cables for surveillance purposes, and required companies systematically to disclose bulk information on customers and employees. Furthermore, some have reportedly made use of surveillance of telecommunications networks to target political opposition members and/or political dissidents.”
Apologists for such police state practices have argued that the collection of communications metadata constitutes a benign, legal and privacy-compatible form of surveillance. The UN report rejects this line of reasoning, saying that metadata collection is as harmful to privacy and democratic rights as the collection of actual content.
“From the perspective of the right to privacy,” the report states, “this distinction [between collection of content and metadata] is not persuasive. The aggregation of information commonly referred to as “metadata” may give an insight into an individual’s behavior, social relationships, private preferences and identity that go beyond even that conveyed by accessing the content of a private communication.”
The surveillance programs have a “chilling effect on rights” simply by virtue of their existence, the report argues, declaring that wholesale state spying discourages individuals from fully expressing their thoughts in electronic communications.
Pointing to the framework of secret courts and secret law that has been developed alongside the US National Security Agency’s surveillance apparatus, the report notes that secret “law” is not actually a valid form of law. “Secret rules and secret interpretations—even secret judicial interpretations—of law do not have the necessary qualities of ‘law’,” the UNHCHR concludes.
Other illegal activities of the US and British governments highlighted by the report include: virtually universal recording and retention of telephone conversations, spying by host governments on communications at “global events,” and the passage of laws requiring that personal computers be equipped with surveillance-friendly software.
The threat to privacy posed by the surveillance is magnified by the increasing role of private corporations in acquiring and storing data on behalf of their respective governments, the report notes, pointing to the integration of corporations into the surveillance apparatus. This, the report argues, is producing a “transnational network comprising strategic intelligence relationships between Governments, regulatory control of private companies and commercial contracts.” The report notes that corporations are increasingly complicit in human rights abuses by state intelligence agencies.
The report finds that mass surveillance threatens a long list of universal human rights, including “freedom of opinion and expression,” freedom to “seek, receive and impart information,” “freedom of peaceful assembly and association,” and the right to health. It notes the use of surveillance to facilitate American targeted assassination and rendition operations. Digital surveillance has been used to “gather information that has then led to torture and other ill-treatment,” as well as to death by drone strike, the report states.
The document describes privacy protections for foreign nationals as very weak, and “even non-existent.”
The complete disregard of the US, UK and other nations for the rights of foreign nationals is, according to the UN report, a clear breach of the fundamental principle set forth in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) that “all persons are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to the equal protection of the law.”
As the report notes, when uncertainty exists about the source of a communication, surveillance agencies assume that it is “foreign,” so they can collect and store it. With electronic communications constantly being routed through overseas servers, such practices insure that supposed protections for national citizens are worthless.
“There is strong evidence of a growing reliance by Governments on the private sector to conduct and facilitate digital surveillance. On every continent, Governments have used both formal legal mechanisms and covert methods to gain access to content, as well as to metadata,” the report states.
The report notes that the threat to privacy rights is being magnified by statutory requirements that computer networks be designed so that they are “wire-tap ready.”
The picture the report draws of US and UK government lawlessness is stark. Article 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states, “No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honor and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.”
Article 17 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which has been ratified by 167 nations, includes an almost identical provision.
The UN report provides valuable documentation and analysis of violations of essential principles of international law. However, its overall orientation is based on the false premise that illegal state surveillance can be reined in within the framework of the existing social and economic order, i.e., capitalism.
As Edward Snowden’s revelations have shown, the governments of the US, the UK, France, Germany and other major capitalist countries acquire and store the private communications of foreigners, and of their own citizens, on a gargantuan scale. This is done to track and generate profiles of potential opponents of the state and the ruling elite.
The very fact that mass, illegal state surveillance is an international phenomenon points to its roots in the crisis of the world capitalist system. The sharpest expressions of this crisis are imperialist war and unprecedented levels of social inequality. The development of the framework of a police state and dictatorial rule is the inevitable response of the capitalist ruling class to the growth of social tensions and the threat of revolutionary mass struggles by the working class.
On the phoney pretext of shielding the Australian population from “radicalised and militarised extremists returning from the Middle East,” the Abbott government is moving to boost the already draconian powers of the intelligence apparatus: here.
This video says about itself:
15 January 2014
Democracy Now! is broadcasting from Tokyo, Japan, today in the first of three special broadcasts. At a critical time for Japan and the region, we begin our coverage looking at the country’s rightward political shift under Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who was re-elected just over a year ago. As head of the Liberal Democratic Party, Abe is known as a conservative hawk who has pushed nationalistic and pro-nuclear policies.
In December, he visited the controversial Yasukuni war shrine, which honors Japanese soldiers who died in battle, including several war criminals who were tried by the International Military Tribunal after World War II. The visit sparked outrage from China and South Korea, who consider the shrine a symbol of Japanese militarism, and its refusal to atone for atrocities committed in the first half of the 20th century. We speak about Japan’s increasingly pro-nuclear, nationalistic stance with Koichi Nakano, professor at Sophia University in Tokyo and director of the Institute of Global Concern.
Watch our entire special broadcast from Japan here.
From daily The Independent in Britain:
Tony Abbott embarrasses Australia by praising Japanese WWII military, ‘getting on the sake’ and posing for ‘crotch-shot’ photo opportunity
The Australian prime minister has been doing all he can to ensure an historic trade deal is pushed through smoothly
Thursday 10 July 2014
Tony Abbott, the Australian prime minister, has agreed a historic economic pact with his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe – but in doing so admitted to being hungover live on TV, angered the Chinese government and exposed his crotch for a photo opportunity.
In a week in which the leader clearly decided the ends justify the means, Mr Abbott started off by hailing Japan’s controversial attempts to build up a more robust military in spite of its pacifist constitution.
During a parliamentary address, which was attended by Mr Abe, the prime minister went on to praise the bravery of a group of Japanese submariners who attacked Australia during a 1942 raid on Sydney harbour.
He said: “We admired the skill and the sense of honour that they brought to their task although we disagreed with what they did. Perhaps we grasped, even then, that with a change of heart the fiercest of opponents could be the best of friends.”
What next, Tony Abbott? Praise by the Prime Minster of Australia for the Japanese World War II army forcing hundreds of thousands of women, including Australian women, into sexual slavery as ‘comfort women’? Praise for Adolf Hitler’s Luftwaffe, then Japan’s allies, bombing civilians to death in Warsaw in Poland, Coventry in England or Rotterdam in the Netherlands?
Ater all, a Japanenese miltarist revanchist politician, Minister of Defence in a previous Shinzo Abe administration, has whitewashed the 1945 mass killings of Japanese civilians in Hioeroshima and Nagasaki by nuclear bombs …
Part of the agreement signed this week will see an increase in military transfers between the two countries, in what Mr Abe said was the launching of a “special relationship” on matters like defence and the putting aside of any lingering enmity from the Second World War.
Unsurprisingly, Mr Abbott’s comments were not to the liking of the Chinese government. The official state news agency Xinhua published an op-ed saying the statement was “insensible” towards victims of the Japanese military.
It said: “He (Abbott) wasn’t aware that the Japanese troops possessed other ‘skills’, skills to loot, to rape, to torture and to kill. All these had been committed under the name of honour almost 70 years ago.”
Pictures from Mr Abe’s three-day tour of Australia showed him and Mr Abbott laughing over Western Australian wine in the Great Hall of Canberra’s Parliament House.
And in a TV interview the next morning, the Australian prime minister was chided over appearing visibly “worse for wear” after “getting on the sake”.
Mr Abbott said he “accepted that”, though adding that while it was a “very convivial dinner” it was a “responsible” one too.
On Mr Abe’s last day in Australia on Wednesday he was given a guided tour of a Japanese-Australian mining venture in Western Australia’s Pilbara region – naturally by Mr Abbott himself.
And after presenting his newfound friend with a parting gift of a pair of RM Williams boots (up there, news.com.au reported, with his embarrassingly inappropriate gift of a surfboard to Barack Obama), Mr Abbott encourage him to pose atop a giant hauling truck tyre.
The image was promptly shared via Mr Abbott’s official social media accounts – and users were quick to point out that, without context, the results were less than flattering.
One user tweeted: “And here we have Tony Abbot showing the Japanese PM how to cock his leg and p*** on Australia.”
Another, presumably referring to the shiny new boots, wrote: “@TonyAbbottMHR maybe you can remember to take em out of your mouth before you speak next time.”
The picture has since been creatively photoshopped by a number of Twitter users – and appears well on its way to becoming a meme in its own right.
‘Creep’ Tony Abbott caught winking to radio presenter about poverty-stricken grandmother who ‘works on sex line to make ends meet’: here.
This video from England is called 15th February 2003: Stop the Iraq War, London.
From the World Socialist Web Site, about Australia:
Australia: Workers and youth oppose war in Iraq
By our reporters
5 July 2014
Socialist Equality Party supporters recently campaigned in Melbourne’s northern suburbs for SEP public meetings on the imperialist debacle in Iraq and the struggle against war. Teams in Coburg, Glenroy, Broadmeadows and Meadow Heights invited workers, retirees and young people to attend the meeting and discuss the escalating war crisis in Iraq.
Prime Minister Tony Abbott has said he would “take it very seriously” if US President Barack Obama requested Australian troops be sent back into Iraq. There is a vast gulf, however, between the attitude of ordinary people and the media and parliamentary establishment. Those who spoke with the SEP teams universally opposed US imperialism’s predatory wars in the Middle East, and Australia’s involvement.
Melbourne’s northern suburbs are home to many people from the Middle East, with a quarter of Meadow Heights residents born in Turkey, Iraq or Lebanon. The area suffers recession-levels of unemployment due to the destruction of manufacturing jobs, including the closure of South Pacific Tyres, Pacific Brands and many other factories. Now the Broadmeadows Ford plant is scheduled to end production in 2016. Several workers compared the austerity cuts in Australia to the social crisis in the US.
Vicky said: “What’s happening in Iraq is due to America going in there 11 years ago. It was going to implode eventually and now it’s happening. America shouldn’t have gone in. There were no weapons of mass destruction … They blamed September 11 and they used that as an excuse. They were going to go in to take over Iraq and take their oil. It’s all money and oil, and control.”
Vicky commented: “The rich get richer and the poor get poorer. The politicians are all the same. They’re all a pack of liars and out to line their own pockets. At the end of the day, the poor people mean nothing to anybody and we’ll be dragged into war, which seems likely, going by the situation today.”
Ayaaz condemned US and Australian involvement in the Middle East and the current government and media campaign to use the debacle in Iraq to scapegoat Muslims. “It’s all politics,” he said. “Australia needs America on their side. They’re out there doing it with America like a big brother on their side.
“What you see in America is they associate Muslims with terrorists and bombings. Australia is following America, so there’s going to be all the same sort of stuff in the newspapers and on television here. I think the aim is to bring the same sort of fear to Australia. They want to bring that fear to the whole world. It’s like a whole plan to make the rich richer and the poor poorer. There’s not going to be any middle class here. It’s not going to get any better.”
Outside the Broadmeadows department of social security office, SEP campaigners pointed out that the recent federal budget included another substantial boost in military spending.
Charlie, an ex-meatworker, said: “I didn’t know that the military got an increase in funding. I watch the ABC all the time and I wasn’t aware of that. Australia shouldn’t be in wars at all. No one is coming to attack Australia. Why should Australia attack other countries? I feel sorry for all the children and old people in Iraq. The US is there for its own benefit—it’s petrol and nothing else.”
Charlie explained his situation: “I don’t like the budget at all. I go without a lot of things now, such as less food, no entertainment. I worked in a meat processing plant for ten years and my shoulders are injured seriously. That’s what constant repetitive work has done to me. I can’t work anymore and I can’t even hang out the clothes on the line now. After expenses are taken out, I’m left with $200 a week to live on.”
Charlie added: “It’s going to look like we are in a third world country if it keeps going. It’s like that because of all the wars. The US workers are on $6 an hour in some places. It’s terrible there.”
Losa, a 20-year-old student teacher, receives no government income support. “I’m living off what I saved when I was working at McDonalds and as a teacher’s aide,” she said. “I am digging into my small savings. I think the new rules with welfare payments—young people receiving no support for six months if you lose your job—is ridiculous. It’s all about defending the rich and they don’t need to be defended. How are most of the people to survive?”
Losa immigrated to Australia from Iraq 15 years ago. “My mum and my sister were going to fly back and see my grandad this month. My mum has not seen her father for nearly 20 years, but she can’t go back to Iraq now—it’s such a complete mess, it’s chaos.”
Losa commented: “I don’t know why we are spending more on the military. Why do we keep going to Iraq and just keep killing people? Here we spend millions and millions of dollars on keeping refugees out of Australia. Why don’t we stop doing that? Let refugees come here and use the money for other stuff, jobs, something else. Those in government need to think about what’s good for everyone, not just the rich. I think what is happening is we are becoming like America. People, you know, in America are really, really poor. They have celebrities that are rich but all the rest are really poor.”
Chris, a project manager, spoke about the US justification for war. “To get into Vietnam the US staged the Gulf of Tonkin incident,” he noted. “This came out when they declassified documents about 15 years ago. They fly a false flag to put boots on the ground into another country.
“America will always press for war, because it’s a money spinner as well. It’s so transparent now. It’s not like they are going in to stabilise a region. They are going in because they have a vested interest or because they want to get their hands on natural resources.”
Chris said the banks were responsible for the sub-prime mortgage disaster and the global financial crisis. “Those big bankers have never been put to trial for that. The same people are still in power. America is a first world nation that shouldn’t have people living on the streets and living in slums. I’ve seen that when I was over there with friends.”
Sev, originally from Turkey, said: “In 2003, the US went into Iraq for oil, not WMD. They created Saddam Hussein too. They are not helping the Iraqi people … Look at what they’ve done in Syria. They create the terrorism, and now it’s going back to Western countries. We don’t want war. We want to live in peace. We can see all the refugees coming to Australia. Why are they coming? Because of war.”
Letter from the US: We must oppose new war in Iraq: here.
Iraq crisis: divide-and-rule in defence of a neoliberal political economy: here.
Where’s Saddam Hussein when the U.S. needs him? Here.
This video from Australia is called Migaloo the White Whale Encounter.
By Peter Frost in Britain:
How to start a war and win an election
Friday 4th July 2014
A year or so ago Ann and I spent time in Australia driving down the east coast in a motor-home. Highlight of the trip was watching the many whales from the headlands and beaches.
Now, it seems, the stories are proved true. Migaloo — his aboriginal name means White Fella — has been spotted and photographed close to Sydney and this has enabled whale scientists to discover a lot more about this amazing animal.
Migaloo is one of the few albino humpbacks in the world. Sadly as an albino he is more susceptible to UV damage in the bright Australian sunshine than darker humpbacks.
Indeed Migaloo watchers are worried about the 28-year-old whale’s health. Healthy humpbacks can live for 50 years but yellow and red patches on Migaloo’s skin suggest he may have skin disease or even cancer.
Humpbacks do bump into each other at play or when jostling for position when mating and it may be this that has caused the whale’s skin damage.
Meanwhile Migaloo is being studied and looked after. Watercraft are not allowed within 500 metres, aircraft no closer than 2,000 feet.
Watching these monarchs of the ocean prompted us to take a look at the history of British and Australian whaling.
We visited the old whaling station ports of Ballina and Byron Bay to learn a little about this huge, if cruel, industry.
The need for food fats in post-war Europe was critical. In the 1950s and 1960s Australia built a huge fleet of ex-wartime wooden Fairmile motor torpedo boats to hunt and kill thousands of whales. The whale oil was almost entirely used for the British margarine trade.
Scottish “Ten pound Pom” Harry Robertson recorded this hard life in song and story and on an amazing website brings this history alive — www.harryrobertson.net.
The Australian whaling fleet also ventured into Antarctic waters as competitors to the vast Scottish whaling company Christian Salvesen which built several hugely profitable whaling stations in the southern oceans — the first in the Falklands in 1907 and then another on the island of South Georgia. Their station at Leith Harbour, South Georgia, was named after the company’s home port in Scotland.
It was to South Georgia that Constantino Davidoff — an Argentinian scrap dealer — came in March 1982. He had a £180,000 contract from Christian Salvesen to dismantle the company’s derelict whaling station.
At the end of 1981 Davidoff had sought approval from the British ambassador in Buenos Aires. He had also spoken to the Falkland Island authorities.
Margaret Thatcher in London thought this might make a great excuse to flex her muscles in the South Atlantic. She declared the scrap metal workers were the advance party of an Argentinian invasion of South Georgia and told the press that the scrap-men had planted the Argentinian flag and were singing the Argentinian national anthem.
Thatcher despatched marines from the Falkland Islands and 39 scrap metal workers were detained. Argentina sent its troops to rescue them and landed in the Falkland Islands.
Two previously friendly countries were at war over a scrap of unwanted land 8,000 miles from London and 900 people would die before Argentina surrendered on June 14 1982.
Thatcher and the Tories would storm home in the 1983 general election and that, of course, was the whole point of the exercise.
In an ultimate irony, British forces contracted Argentinian scrap dealers to clear away the post-war debris of the many Falkland battles.
This video is called Kangaroo Walking.
From Wildlife Extra:
A fifth leg helps kangaroos walk
Red kangaroos may be one of nature’s best hoppers, able to lope along at speeds of up to 12 miles an hour on their hind legs, while their two front legs seem to dangle obsolete.
But when they are grazing or walking, which is actually most of the time, not only do they need those front legs but also their tail, which a new study has dubbed their fifth limb.
“We found that when a kangaroo is walking, it uses its tail just like a leg,” said study author Associate Professor Maxwell Donelan of Simon Fraser University in Canada.
“They use it to support, propel and power their motion. In fact, they perform as much mechanical work with their tails as we do with one of our legs.”
When grazing on grass red kangaroos, which are the largest of the kangaroo species in Australia, move both hind feet forward “paired limb” style, while working their tails and front limbs together to support and move their bodies.
“They appear to be awkward and ungainly walkers when one watches them moseying around in their mobs looking for something to eat,” said co-author Associate Professor Rodger Kram.
“But it turns out it is not really that awkward, just weird. We went into this thinking the tail was primarily used like a strut, a balancing pole, or a one-legged milking stool.
“What we didn’t expect to find was how much power the tails of the kangaroos were producing.
“It was pretty darn surprising.”
However when the roos are in their faster, hopping gait the tail returns to being a dynamic, springy counterbalance.
From the Australian Broadcasting Corporation:
Catholic Bishop Max Davis charged with sex offence dating back to 1969
Updated Mon 30 Jun 2014, 2:24pm AEST
Bishop Max Davis is believed to be the most senior clergyman in the Catholic Church, and the first bishop, to be charged with a child sex offence.
The 68-year-old is due to appear in Perth Magistrate’s Court on July 25, charged with three counts of indecent treatment of a child under 14.
The alleged incident took place when Bishop Davis was teaching at St Benedict’s College in New Norcia, north-east of Perth. …
According to The Catholic Weekly, Bishop Davis grew up in Perth and was ordained in 1971.
He is one of a long line of military bishops to have served the Defence Forces.
He was in the Navy in the early 60s, according to the weekly. He has been Australia’s military bishop since 2003.
This video is called Zebra Lionfish (Dendrochirus zebra).
From New Scientist:
Zoologger: The fish that kill with special-ops signals
25 June 2014 by Michael Slezak
Species: Dendrochirus zebra
Spotting a school of little fish swimming slowly through the coral, the lionfish quickly scans around for hungry accomplices. Swimming to them one-by-one it gives a quick wiggle of its tail fin and then a slow undulating wave of its pectoral fins. The accomplices respond with a simple wave of their pectoral fins. The hunt is on.
Together the gang approach the fish, which don’t seem to see the lionfish even from up close. Using their fan-like fins they herd the prey into a corner before taking it in turns to dart into the school, each time swallowing their meal whole. Their bellies full, the conspirators part ways into the tropical night.
Lionfish are venemous, and have few natural predators. They are also so adept at camouflage that Oona Lönnstedt at James Cook University in Townsville, Australia, and colleagues recently showed that they seem to be invisible to their prey. In fact, when hunting alone, they convince their prey to swim into their mouths by blowing a stream of water towards them.
But it turns out that they have another trick up their sleeves: very good communication skills.
Studying lionfish both in the lab and on the Great Barrier Reef, Lönnstedt and colleagues found that the fish sometimes conducted a distinctive fin display. Whenever there was another lionfish nearby, the fish that spotted the prey used this signal and up to four other lionfish responded and joined in the hunt.
The signal was only seen prior to a group hunt, which suggests it is a method of communication – a kind of special operations signalling with their fins. “As an intentional signal, it’s very rare. It implies that there’s a complex cognitive ability in fish,” Lönnstedt says.
All fish are equal
Lönnstedt also found that group hunts were more fruitful than solo efforts. The lionfish also shared the food completely evenly. “That blew our minds,” she says. “That’s the first time that’s been proven in animals. Usually lions or hyenas will catch prey and share it hierarchically. The top animal takes the lion’s share, so to speak.”
Group foraging and hunting have been seen in all sorts of animals, from chimpanzees to bees and eels. But very little has been done into how it is triggered, says Amanda Ridley from the University in Western Australia in Perth. “We have scores of papers about cooperation, but we don’t know how they do it,” she says. “This paper has nicely encapsulated the fin display. It goes to the other and says ‘hey how about it, let’s go fish together’.”
Correction, 26 June 2014: When this article was first published, we mistakenly described Dendrochirus zebra as an invasive species.
This video is called 1/6 F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER IS A LEMON.
Pilot abandons F-35 stealth fighter after engine-fire on takeoff
June 24, 2014 11:48AM
A CONTROVERSIAL F-35 stealth fighter has caught fire while attempting to takeoff from a Florida air base today …
The F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, which has been chosen to form the future of Australia’s air force, was part of a training unit at the Eglin air force base responsible for preparing naval, Marine Corps and international pilots to fly the new machine.
OUR TRILLION-DOLLAR TURKEY: The F-35 fails to be all things to all people
The fighter’s pilot initiated an emergency shutdown procedure on the fighter’s single jet engine when flames were reported coming out of the aircraft’s tail. The pilot escaped unharmed as emergency vehicles doused the stealth-jet in fire-retardant foam.
This is the second major fire to affect a stealth aircraft in recent weeks, and the second major incident to afflict the F-35. …
Meanwhile, F-35 test flights were suspended on June 13 after the failure of an oil-flow management valve prompted an examination of all aircraft.
More than 100 F-35s are currently flying in training squadrons, though the aircraft itself is not yet completely operational.
A basic air force version of the stealth fighter is quoted as costing $104 million, while the naval variant costs $124 million.
Australia: Government backbencher Dennis Jensen has condemned the Prime Minister’s $12.4 billion plan to buy 58 F-35 Joint Strike Fighter jets as a “great national scandal” and “worse than a disgrace”: here.
F-35 fleet grounded for the eighth time over unknown engine issue: here.
Two people are feared dead after their aircraft collided with a Eurofighter jet during an exercise they were both taking part in over central Germany on Monday, officials said. The German military jet and a second Eurofighter taking part in the exercise were able to land afterwards at an air base near Cologne: here.
This 2010 video from the USA is called Dr. Jonathan Balcombe on Individuality in Fish.
From Wildlife Extra:
Researcher finds that fish are intelligent and feel pain like humans
New research suggests that fish are, in fact, far more intelligent than many previously believed.
They have very good memories, live in complex social communities where they keep track of individuals, and can learn from one another. This helps to develop stable cultural traditions.
Fish even recognise themselves and others. They also cooperate with one another and show signs of Machiavellian intelligence, such as cooperation and reconciliation. They build complex structures, are capable of using tools, and use the same methods for keeping track of quantities as humans do.
For the most part the primary senses of fish are just as good, says Brown, and in many cases better than those of humans.
Their behaviour is very much the same as that of primates, except that fish do not have the ability to imitate.
The Australian researcher believes that most people rarely think about fish other than as food, or as pets.
However, they are second only to mice in terms of the numbers used in scientific research, and more than 32,000 known species of fish far outweigh the diversity of all other vertebrates combined.
Very little public concern – which is so important to inform policy – is ever noted about fish welfare issues.
Brown says this relates to incorrect perceptions about the intelligence of fish, and ultimately of whether they are conscious. Such attitudes are also influenced because humans rarely come into contact with fish in their natural environments.
Brown’s review focused especially on bony fish. The level of mental complexity they displayed he found to be on a par with most other vertebrates, and there is mounting evidence that they can feel pain in a manner similar to humans.
While the brains of fish differ from other vertebrates, they have many analogous structures that perform similar functions. Brown concludes that if any animals are sentient, fish must be considered to be so, too.
“Although scientists cannot provide a definitive answer on the level of consciousness for any non-human vertebrate, the extensive evidence of fish behavioural and cognitive sophistication and pain perception suggests that best practice would be to lend fish the same level of protection as any other vertebrate,” concludes Brown, who acknowledges that such a move has implications for the fishing industry, among others.
“We should therefore include fish in our ‘moral circle’ and afford them the protection they deserve.”
This video is called Orange-Dotted Tuskfish Uses Tool.
Cichlid fish memory lasts for days, not seconds: here.