This video says about itself:
8 May 2014
See also here.
This music video is called African Traditional Music.
From Wildlife Extra:
Chimps shun music of West and Japan in favour of African, Indian… or peace and quiet
Not that the researchers want to be divisive.
“Our objective was not to find a preference for different cultures’ music,” said study co-author Frans de Waal of Emory University. “We used cultural music from Africa, India and Japan to pinpoint specific acoustic properties.
“Past research has focused only on Western music and has not addressed the very different acoustic features of non-Western music.
“While non-human primates have previously indicated a preference of music choices, they have consistently chosen silence over the types of music previously tested.”
Previous research has also found that some non-human primates prefer slower tempos, but the current findings may be the first to show that they display a preference for particular rhythmic patterns, according to the study published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition.
“Although Western music, such as pop, blues and classical, sound different to the casual listener, they all follow the same musical and acoustic patterns. Therefore, by testing only different Western music, previous research has essentially replicated itself,” the authors wrote.
Sixteen adult chimps in two groups participated in the experiment at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center at Emory University.
Over 12 consecutive days for 40 minutes each morning, the groups were given the opportunity to listen to African, Indian or Japanese music playing on a portable stereo near their outdoor enclosure.
Another portable stereo not playing any music was located at a different spot near the enclosure to rule out behaviour that might be associated with an object rather than the music.
The different types of music were at the same volume but played in random order.
Each day, researchers observed the chimps and recorded their location every two minutes with handwritten notes. They also videotaped the activity in the enclosure.
The researchers found that when African and Indian music was played near their large outdoor enclosures, the chimps spent significantly more time in areas where they could best hear the music.
When Japanese music was played, they were more likely to be found in spots where it was more difficult or impossible to hear the music.
The African and Indian music in the experiment had extreme ratios of strong to weak beats, whereas the Japanese music had regular strong beats, which is also typical of Western music.
“Chimpanzees may perceive the strong, predictable rhythmic patterns as threatening, as chimpanzee dominance displays commonly incorporate repeated rhythmic sounds such as stomping, clapping and banging objects,” said de Waal.
“Displaying a preference for music over silence is compelling evidence that our shared evolutionary histories may include favouring sounds outside of both humans’ and chimpanzees’ immediate survival cues,” said lead author Morgan Mingle of Emory and Southwestern University in Austin.
“Our study highlights the importance of sampling across the gamut of human music to potentially identify features that could have a shared evolutionary root.”
See also here.
Nature and nurture seem to contribute equally to chimpanzee intelligence, @Sara_Reardon reports: here.
This video from the USA says about itself:
Chimps: A New Life, Retirement
4 March 2013
From Wildlife Extra:
Film showing chimps rescued from laboratories receives peoples award
The film Chimps: A New Life, Retirement, which was made by The Humane Society of the United States and features more than 100 government-owned chimpanzees starting a new life at Chimp Haven sanctuary after being rescued from research laboratories, has been named by the Telly Awards a People’s Silver Winner
Attracting more than 11,00 entries a year, the Telly Awards honours the very best local, regional, and cable television commercials and programs, as well as the finest video and film productions, and work created for the Web.
For its 35th season, The Telly Awards joined forces with YouTube to give the public the power to rate videos submitted. In addition to recognition from The Silver Telly Council, The Telly Awards’ judging panel made up of more than 500 accomplished industry professionals, the Internet community helped to decide the winners.
The Silver Telly Council evaluated entries to recognize distinction in creative work. Less than 10 percent of entries are chosen as winners of the Silver Telly, the highest honour.
The emotional film includes scenes that show the chimpanzees stepping out onto grass for the first time, and their faces are in awe to see the sky above them rather than bars of a cage.
Kathleen Conlee, vice president of Animal Research Issues for The Humane Society of the United States said:
“The faces of the chimpanzees from our undercover work is what has fuelled our efforts, and to see them finally reach sanctuary and step out on that grass led to a flood of emotions. But we still have more to do. We are so thankful this award gives us another opportunity to tell their stories as we work to get those chimpanzees remaining in laboratories to the sanctuary they so deserve.”
This video is called Natural World, The Orangutan King, HD – BBC.
From Wildlife Extra:
Australia’s biggest wildlife seizure ever
11 orangutan skulls were among the illegal products found
An Australian teacher has been jailed for a year following the discovery of 78 illegal products made from 24 threatened species at his home in Sydney.
In what is Australia’s largest-ever haul of illegal products, the authorities findings included 11 orangutan skulls and 25 other skulls of monkeys, lynx, bears and a tiger; teeth and skins from orangutans, lynx, otters, and a feather headdress made from a bird of paradise.
John Kolettas was convicted on 24 charges of possessing illegal wildlife products, and jailed for a year, fined Aus $4,000 (£2,200) and ordered to do 384 hours of community service for the possession of specimens listed under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
“Wildlife trafficking is a cruel and often barbaric trade that has become more widespread and lucrative and is now valued at billions of dollars worldwide,” said Australia’s Department of Environment. “The community – particularly collectors, travellers and online shoppers – should be aware of what they are buying, what it is made of, and where it is from.
“Without realising it they may be contributing to the decline of threatened species, simply by purchasing what initially looks like a bargain.”
Australia is one of 178 nations that are signatories to CITES, with the importation of endangered species, or parts of them, illegal without a permit.
In the latest episode of VICE Profiles, called Backyard Exotics, the programme exposes the illegal wildlife trade in the United States. In distressing scenes the VICE team travels to Ohio to rescue a cougar, then to Texas for an exotic livestock auction and takes an undercover visit to a gaming ranch where the animals are sold and hunted for up to $15,000 a piece: here.
Wildlife Extra writes about this video:
Rwanda’s mountain gorillas star in new documentary – watch it here
April 2014: Mountain gorillas at the Volcanoes National Park are the subject of a new 15 minute documentary entitled Hope which you can watch [above here]. The short film revisits the mountain gorillas at the park, nearly 47 years after Dian Fossey began her work in the region, and explores the extreme, intensive and sometimes dangerous methods employed to protect the great apes.
The film, narrated by Sir David Attenborough, takes a historical look back to 1967 when Dian Fossey began her work. Fewer than 300 mountain gorillas remained at the time, their population ravaged by poachers, who for years targeted the gorillas to make money, selling infant gorillas to zoos or the hands and heads of the adults as trophies to wealthy tourists.
Dian Fossey was murdered in 1985, her original research centre destroyed, rebuilt and then destroyed again during the civil war in Rwanda in the 1990s. However, despite adversity, the work never stopped. Today the Karisoke Research Center has a new home where 120 people continue Dian’s work, as the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International.
The charity employs teams of trackers who follow the gorillas every day. They monitor each gorilla, ensuring its safety and health, risking their lives in a region that is still plagued by violence.
“The number of mountain gorillas had become so depleted in Rwanda by the late 1960s that extreme measures were needed to protect the remaining population and allow it to increase,” said David Attenborough. “The work at the Volcanoes National Park by the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International absolutely must continue, if we are to protect this species of great ape, which is still critically endangered. The film Hope will once again bring to light the fragile existence of the mountain gorillas and the work that goes into protecting them. By watching and sharing this very important film you will be helping the people saving the gorillas.”
At the beginning of July, Rwanda celebrates its annual Kwita Izina, a traditional gorilla naming ceremony: here.
Ugandan mountain gorilla photos:here.
This video says about itself:
1 Oct 2012
On Rusinga Island in Kenya‘s Lake Victoria, paleontologist Will Harcourt-Smith is leading an effort to recreate the environments inhabited by primitive primates—apes of the genus Proconsul. Studying the adaptive changes of our ancient ancestors helps scientists trace the origins of adaptability in modern humans.
Science Bulletins is a production of the National Center for Science Literacy, Education, and Technology (NCSLET), part of the Department of Education at the American Museum of Natural History.
From Science, Space & Robots:
Fossil Forest Discovery Sheds Light on Environment Inhabited by Early Apes
A fossil forest discovery by researchers from Baylor University and an international team of scientists has shed light on the environment inhabited by early apes on Rusinga Island, Kenya. Researchers found fossils of tree stumps, calcified roots and fossil leaves. Researchers say the fossil find indicates that Proconsul and its primate relative, Dendropithecus, lived in a dense, closed canopy tropical seasonal forest about 18 to 20 million years ago. The research was published here in Nature Communications.
Daniel Peppe, Ph.D., assistant professor of geology in Baylor’s College of Arts and Sciences and co-author of the study, says in a Baylor release, “Our research findings provide direct evidence and confirm where the early ape lived about 18 to 20 million years ago. We now know that Proconsul lived in a closed-canopy, tropical seasonal forest set in a warm and relatively wet local climate.”
Fossils of a single Proconsul were also found among the geological fossil forest deposits.
Lauren Michel, lead author of the study and a doctoral student in the geology department at Baylor, says, “The varying diameters of the tree stumps coupled with their density within the fossil soil, implies that the forest would have been comprised of trees with interlocking or overlapping branches, thus creating a canopy.”
Posted on February 27, 2014
This video says about itself:
GREEN (Palm Oil Deforestation) – Documentary by Patrick Rouxel
19 May 2011
It is a silent film (without narration, but with music) which addresses itself both to the Indonesians and the consumers of wood/paper/palm oil around the world.
This important documentary was filmed in the fast disappearing Indonesian rainforest and is not narrated, however, its message is clear and frightening. The home of the Orangutan and many other wildlife species in Indonesia is being decimated at an alarming rate by consumer need and greed.
The film features the widespread practice of ‘slash and burn’ to clear the lush rainforest to make way for extensive palm oil plantations which we, the consumer, support in our demand for our favourite foods, magazines, cosmetics, and, increasingly, biofuel. The practice has also seen Indonesia move into third place behind the US and China with regard to carbon emissions due to the uncovering of peat soil which has lain, undisturbed, below the tropical rainforest for centuries. The film exposes the illegal pet trade that thrives in Indonesia and the sick, despairing lives of those Orangutan who spend years, often all their lives, locked in small cages, suffering, alone.
The story thread follows the fate of a female Orangutan who has been captured and brought in because her forest home has been decimated. She is one of the lucky ones — most are slaughtered without mercy when caught. Her fate though, is not a happy one, as her trauma at the hands of man is too great. Your heart will break with resounding pity, but it is even more sobering to know that she is only one of hundreds every week who will suffer a similar fate.
Make sure everyone you know watches this documentary. We owe it to our friends, the gentle Orangutan, we owe it to our planet, and we owe it to ourselves so that we can learn from it.
From daily The Morning Star in Britain:
Proctor & Gamble ‘linked to rainforest destruction‘
Wednesday 26th February 2014
Environmentalists accused US household products giant Procter & Gamble (P&G) yesterday of being responsible for the destruction of swathes of Indonesian rainforest.
Greenpeace said the company was using palm oil from suppliers linked to the destruction of the ancient woodlands.
It linked a Malaysian supplier to P&G with highly polluting forest fires in Sumatra last June.
P&G is the latest company to be targeted by Greenpeace as the group seeks to embarrass major firms over sourcing Indonesian palm oil and paper from suppliers that cause environmental destruction.
Greenpeace says the expansion of palm oil plantations is destroying the habitat of endangered orangutans and tigers.
P&G uses palm oil in household products including Head & Shoulders and Pantene shampoos and Gillette shaving gel.
“The maker of Head & Shoulders needs to stop bringing rainforest destruction into our showers,” said Greenpeace forest campaign head Bustar Maitar.
“It must clean up its act and guarantee to its customers that these products are forest-friendly.”
P&G was not immediately available for comment yesterday.
Greenpeace urged P&G to join other leading companies which have committed to implementing a no-deforestation policy.
Greenpeace’s campaigns have caused several global companies, including Unilever, Nestle and L’Oreal, to publicly commit to zero deforestation in coming years.
Many palm oil and paper companies have made such commitments after losing major clients because of Greenpeace campaigns.
Illegal logging and poor law enforcement have meant that deforestation is rampant in Indonesia.
This video from Congo says about itself:
17 Dec 2013
Thanks to the expert care provided at Tchimpounga, Wounda overcame significant adversity and illness and was recently relocated to Tchindzoulou Island, one of three islands that are part of the newly expanded sanctuary. Dr. Jane Goodall was on hand to witness Wounda’s emotional release, and now you can too.
This video is called Conservation of the Eastern Hoolock Gibbon.
By Frank Momberg today:
Myanmar critical for hoolock gibbon conservation
December 18, 2013
A comprehensive conservation status review of hoolock gibbons in Myanmar has been published by Fauna & Fauna International (FFI), People Resources and Conservation Foundation (PRCF) and Biodiversity and Nature Conservation Association (BANCA).
The review, issued through the Gibbon Conservation Alliance, involved three years of nationwide field surveys and threat assessments. Prior to this research, conservation action was constrained by a lack of data on their distribution, population size and threats.
The results of the new research show serious threats and concludes that Myanmar is critical for the survival of both the Eastern and the Western hoolock gibbon. While Western hoolock gibbon populations in India and Bangladesh are severely fragmented, and even more so the Eastern hoolock gibbon populations in China. With 99.9% of Eastern and at least 90% of the Western hoolock total population, Myanmar offers the best chance of survival for both species.
To protect at least one important site for the conservation of each species, FFI, PRCF and BANCA have initiated a community based Western Hoolock Gibbon Project in Pauk Sa Mountain, Rhakine Yoma Range and a collaborative conservation project at Indawgyi Wildlife Sanctuary, in partnership with the Myanmar Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry. At both sides we have been able to reduce habitat fragmentation and hunting through active engagement of local communities in the protection of gibbons and by providing support for alternative livelihoods.
This is a western lowland gorilla video from the Central African Republic.
From Wildlife Extra:
October 2013. The Aspinall Foundation’s reintroduction of western lowland gorillas to areas of Africa where they have been hunted to extinction appears to be working, according to a new scientific study.
Western lowland gorillas are classified by the World Conservation Union as Critically Endangered, based on a projected 80% decline in the wild over just three generations, ranking them alongside the most threatened species on the planet. Reintroduction of gorillas to protected areas from where they have previously been exterminated is still considered controversial, but a pioneering, long-term programme to do just that is starting to show it may be possible after all.
Congo & Gabon
Two gorilla populations are currently in the process of being re-established in the neighbouring African republics of Congo and Gabon, by the UK-based charity The Aspinall Foundation in collaboration with the respective governments.
Fifty-one gorillas were released between 1996 and 2006, 25 in the Lesio-Louna Reserve in Congo, and 26 in the Batéké Plateau National Park in Gabon. Most of the released gorillas are rehabilitated orphans of the illegal bush-meat trade, taken as young babies from their slaughtered mothers by opportunistic hunters. The majority of orphaned gorillas die of depression and mistreatment, but a few survive long-enough to be confiscated and handed over to long-term rehabilitation programmes.
In the Gabon project, in addition to the wild-born orphans the released gorillas also include seven captive-borns, sent back to Africa from The Aspinall Foundation’s successful captive-breeding population at Howletts and Port Lympne Wild Animal Parks in the UK.
Good levels of survival, births and dispersal
Dedicated field staff have been monitoring the released gorillas for over ten years at both reintroduction sites. A previous analysis, published in 2012 in the International Journal of Primatology, illustrated that the reintroduction programme had been successful in terms of post-release survival, birth rates and dispersal, all of which were comparable with wild populations. The new study goes a step further, using this information to develop a computer simulation model of the growth of the two reintroduced gorilla populations over a 200-year period.
Lead author of the new study, The Aspinall Foundation’s Conservation and Reintroduction Co-ordinator Tony King, explained, “We have seen with our own eyes the remarkable ways in which the released gorillas adapt to their new homes, and have celebrated numerous successful births to orphaned gorillas who never had the chance of a normal upbringing in a gorilla family – but this is the first time that we have put all this together to help predict the future success of the reintroductions.”
3 more gorillas released
The results of the study suggest that the reintroduced gorilla populations have a good chance of sustaining themselves for 200 years and more, but illustrated that reinforcement of the populations by further releases could significantly improve probabilities of population persistence and retention of genetic diversity. Damian Aspinall, chairman of The Aspinall Foundation, said, “This is incredibly useful information. Only last week three more gorillas were released in Gabon, and we are currently preparing an entire family group for imminent release.”
Developing the model was a challenge. “Gorillas can live for over forty years, usually don’t reproduce until they are at least 10 years old, and females produce one surviving off-spring only every five years or so,” added co-author Christelle Chamberlan, who has worked with both reintroduced lowland gorilla populations and the wild mountain gorillas of Rwanda. “Even after a decade of monitoring our released gorillas, there are still many aspects of their life-history patterns that we don’t know. We tested our model to see which factors were most significant in changing the predicted success of the reintroduction. Relatively small changes to annual birth rates or to female survival rates made big changes to the predicted long-term growth of the populations. Good numbers of healthy, reproducing female gorillas are therefore critical to population persistence.”
“It is definitely an ambitious project,” King concluded. “Results so far have exceeded most expectations. The gorillas are still living on a knife-edge though. Small reintroduced populations are always susceptible to crashes due to random changes in any number of factors. We plan to release more gorillas at both sites, which will increase the chances that the populations will survive. In reality we are still only just beginning.”
The study was published in the international conservation journal Oryx.