Irish Sea killer whales endangered


This video from Canada says about itself:

Jan 10, 2013

Killer Whales Trapped in Ice. A large pod of killer whales have been trapped under ice after the waters of Hudson Bay froze over. The orcas are currently stranded and clinging to one opening in the ice for air. The killer whales are able to breathe by taking turns coming up to the surface, and in order to save them icebreakers will likely be needed.

Original Killer Whale Footage: http://goo.gl/vBwfB

Icebreakers in this case proved to be not needed. Killer Whales Trapped Under Canadian Sea Ice Free Themselves: here.

From Wildlife Extra:

Britain’s only resident orca pod – No breeding for 20 years

Hebridean Orca pod study

January 2012. This week, BBC’s The One Show has been showcasing the endangered killer whale population that inhabits waters off the west coast of the UK and Ireland. Mike Dilger experienced an amazing encounter with four of the nine killer whales left in this population. With group numbers so low, it is likely that this community will go extinct in our lifetime.

No calves for 2 decades

In collaboration with Dr. Andy Foote, the Irish Whale and Dolphin Group and many others, the Hebridean Whale and Dolphin Trust (HWDT) have found that of the group, four members are male and five are female. All individuals within the community interact with each other, although certain individuals are more regularly sighted together. As Mike mentioned on Tuesday evening, no live calves have been recorded since research began almost two decades ago, it is likely that the females are post-reproductive and due to their social isolation they are unlikely to recruit any killer whales from other populations. This means that the conservation status of this group is critical.

Sightings off Ireland & Wales

Photo-ID has also helped HWDT better understand the wide-ranging nature of these apex predators. Although dubbed the ‘west coast community’, sightings off Ireland have been reported, and on one occasion all nine individuals were present off the Cork coast. The extremely distinctive male, ‘John Coe’, was also sighted off the Pembrokeshire coast in 2008 and 2007.

Related to Antarctic orca

As sad as this is, the loss of this group has severe consequences, resulting in the loss of an evolutionary significant group of individuals. Through our research, we have discovered that this group is physically different to other killer whale populations in the North East Atlantic, suggesting separate ancestry, – they are bigger in size (by about a metre) and have different tooth wear.

Furthermore, genetic analysis indicates that this group is more closely related to a group of Antarctic killer whales than those found in Atlantic waters.

Feed on other cetaceans

Comparing the teeth in these killer whales to those in other populations suggests that this unique population is feeding exclusively on other cetaceans, such as harbour porpoises and Minke whales (orca were reported surfacing either side of a Minke whale in the Minch). On the first programme the remains of a harbour porpoise was shown floating in the water.

Join a research trip or report a sighting

There is still much to learn about the Hebridean orca. Only with continued study can we better understand the only ‘resident’ population found in British waters. HWDT Chairman Maxwell MacLeod said “I find it really alarming that no youngsters have been seen for such a long time. It is vital that we maintain this research as we know so little about the role these animals play in our eco-system”. Every year HWDT welcomes volunteers onboard their research yacht Silurian to assist with data collection from onboard. These cetacean research surveys, alongside reports from the public and other organisations, have allowed for more information on Scotland’s cetaceans to become apparent. If you would like to join HWDT onboard or would like to report a sighting please visit www.hwdt.org.

Dutch 16th century book on whales: here.

Cameron, Hitler and fox hunting


This is a video from the USA about red fox kits.

By Roger Bagley in England, on the British Conservative Prime Minister:

Cameron red-faced after clumsy Hitler reference

Wednesday 09 January 2013

History dunce David Cameron landed himself in another fine mess today by using an Adolf Hitler-style “red pests” quote to attack Labour MPs.

Challenged at Commons question time about his old passion for fox hunting, the clueless Prime Minister retorted: “The only red pests I pursue these days are in this house.”

Mr Cameron seemed blissfully unaware of the infamous outburst by Hitler on the night of the Reichstag fire on February 27 1933, falsely blamed on communists by the nazi propaganda machine.

The nazi leader barked: “This fire is a God-given signal. It is the work of the reds. We must crush these murderous pests with an iron fist.”

Mr Cameron’s gaff followed an accusation from Labour MP John Spellar that he was out of touch on fox-hunting, with the overwhelming majority of people supporting the ban.

Spoon-billed sandpiper nest video


This video says about itself:

Spoon-billed Sandpipers lay 4 eggs in a simple tundra nest comprised of a shallow depression, most often in mosses, lined with a few dwarf willow leaves. The nest is incubated by both adults on half-day shifts — the male most often during the day and the female at night.

After 21 days of incubation the eggs begin to hatch in a process that takes a day or more to complete. When the young finally emerge from the nest they stumble about on well-developed legs and feet and begin to feed themselves. After the last chick emerges, the male begins his job of leading the chicks as they grow towards independence about 20 days later; the female soon departs and begins moving south. This piece captures the first moments of life at a wind swept Spoon-billed Sandpiper nest.

Video includes commentary by The Cornell Lab’s Gerrit Vyn.

Filmed July 7, 2011 near Meinypilgyno, Chukotka, Russia.

Read more about this here.

Giant squid, video


After our earlier giant squid blog post, now this video.

The video says about itself:

Jan 8, 2013

(Video from NHK/NEP/Discovery Channel, with permission.)

A giant squid has been videotaped in its deep-ocean habitat for the first time.

This is an excerpt from Discovery Channel’s MONSTER SQUID: THE GIANT IS REAL, which premieres on January 27, 2013 at 8PM ET/PT as the season finale of CURIOSITY.

The scientists and filmmakers undertook 55 submersible dives, totaling 285 hours, some at depths greater than 3,000 feet, to capture this encounter with a giant squid, estimated to weigh 600 pounds.

More on Dot Earth: http://dotearth.blogs.nytimes.com/?s=%22giant+squid%22

And here.

Song thrush sings again


This video says about itself:

A few minutes singing by a song thrush (Turdus philomelos) in Spring 2010, with a lot of unusual trilling and a few bits of mimicry (tawny owl and green woodpecker amongst them).

This morning, like yesterday, the song thrush sang again.

The weather forecast says that they expect colder winter weather. I wonder whether the thrush will keep singing then.