New Cuban frog species discovered


This video is called Coquí Común (Eleutherodactylus coqui) eggs.

From Zootaxa:

A new cryptic species of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Amphibia: Anura: Eleutherodactylidae) from Cuba …

The widely distributed grass frog of Cuba, Eleutherodactylus varleyi, is shown here to comprise two species. One, E. varleyi, occurs in western and central Cuba while the other, E. feichtingeri n. sp., occurs in central and eastern Cuba. The two species are sympatric in central Cuba, and syntopic in the vicinity of Sierra de Cubitas, Camagüey Province. A molecular phylogeny of mitochondrial DNA sequences from 18 localities confirms the existence of two well-supported major clades corresponding to each of these species, and the sympatry of the species. Tympanum size and advertisement call are the most useful diagnostic characters, although the two species are shown to have karyotypic differences as well. Possible character displacement in morphology and vocalization, in the area of sympatry, is discussed.

Coquí frogs got smaller, squeakier as climate warmed: here.

Nazis in the United States Republican party


This video is called The California Reich — Nazi Meeting.

By Menachem Rosensaft in the USA:

A Neo-Nazi in the GOP: Where’s the Outrage From On High?

Posted: 03/ 1/2012 8:06 am

Arthur Jones, a neo-Nazi, outspoken anti-Semite and Holocaust denier, wants to be a Republican congressman from the Land of Lincoln.

This is neither a joke nor an exaggeration. The 64-year-old Jones, who organizes “family friendly” celebrations of Adolf Hitler’s birthday and maintains that “the Holocaust never happened,” actually is a candidate in this year’s Republican primary in Illinois’s 3rd Congressional District.

Jones faces two other opponents in the primary, which means that he could theoretically become the nominee with just 35% of the vote.

“As far as I’m concerned, the Holocaust is nothing more than an international extortion racket by the Jews,” Jones said. “It’s the blackest lie in history. Millions of dollars are being made by Jews telling this tale of woe and misfortune in books, movies, plays and TV.

“The more survivors, the more lies that are told.”

Jones, an unrepentant erstwhile member of the American National Socialist party, has actually declared that, “Philosophically, I’m a National Socialist.”

To his credit, Illinois GOP state chairman Pat Brady has called Jones’s views “repugnant,” and insists that “his candidacy should not and will not be supported in any way by the Illinois Republican Party.”

What troubles me, however, is that, to the best of my knowledge at least, Jones has not been renounced by the leadership of the national Republican Party. I know that Mitt Romney, Newt Gingrich and Rick Santorum have been otherwise preoccupied as of late, but it would be nice if they would at the very least take a few minutes out of their busy campaign schedule to reassure us that they do not want to appear on the same ballot line as Jones. And what about House Speaker John Boehner, House Majority Leader Eric Cantor, and Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell? Could they possibly be prevailed upon to stop disparaging President Obama long enough to address what’s happening on their side of the aisle? …

With the Tea Party dragging the GOP further and further to the extreme, reactionary right, we need senior Republicans on the national level to draw a line in the sand and declare publicly that they do not want Nazis, neo-Nazis, white supremacists or, for that matter, homophobes and likeminded bigots, anywhere near their party.

Let us not forget that not all that long ago, in 1991, when former Ku Klux Klan Grand Wizard David Duke, who had previously been elected as a Republican member of the Louisiana State House of Representatives and had frequently worn a Nazi uniform in his youth, was the Republican candidate for his state’s governorship, President George H.W. Bush unequivocally disavowed him as not deserving “one iota of public trust. When someone has so recently endorsed Nazism, it is inconceivable that someone can reasonably aspire to a leadership role in a free society.” But it seems that those may have been other times.

Jones’s candidacy is not the only ominous sign that holding reprehensible views is no longer a disqualification in certain political circles. Peter Brimelow, the white supremacist founder of the anti-immigration website VDARE, was a featured panelist at this year’s CPAC, the Conservative Political Action Conference, without any apparent objection by any of the other speakers there. Brimelow’s website, incidentally, has charged Jews with “weakening America’s historic White majority.” How sharing a platform with Brimelow could not have been anathema to the other CPAC participants is beyond me. …

The Durango Herald recently quoted Cole Thornton, Imperial Grand Wizard of the United Northern and Southern Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, based in Colorado, as saying that “We’re not here just to be against blacks. We’re against a lot of white people — like child molesters.” Moreover, Thornton, who supports Newt Gingrich for the Republican presidential nomination, went on that “I’m really pleased with the kind of people we’re getting in — college-educated, professionals, teachers — even a couple congressmen. People would be amazed to know who I’ve talked with at midnight in isolated areas — it’s almost comical.”

We all know that the Kester-Palettis, Brimelows and Joneses in our midst are a manifestation of the darkest side of human nature. So are the unnamed “couple congressmen” referred to by Thornton. The question on the table is whether anyone on their side of the ever-widening political divide has the courage to declare publicly that their noxious views do not belong in the American political mainstream, and that there are some votes that must be jettisoned for the sake of a party’s moral soul.

Menachem Z. Rosensaft is general counsel of the World Jewish Congress and vice president of the American Gathering of Jewish Holocaust Survivors and Their Descendants. He teaches about the law of genocide and World War II war crimes trials at the law schools of Columbia, Cornell and Syracuse.

See also here.

Lapwings and sunbirds in Gambia


13 February 2012 in Kotu, the Gambia.

Still on the golf course, late in the afternoon.

Splendid sunbird male, the Gambia, 13 February 2012

A male splendid sunbird feeding at red flowers.

Splendid sunbird male, Gambia, 13 February 2012

Splendid sunbird male, golf course, the Gambia, 13 February 2012

Close to it, a swallow-tailed bee-eater. See another photo of that species here.

Swallow-tailed bee-eater, Gambia, 13 February 2012

A black kite (or: a yellow-billed kite?) tries to drive away a hooded vulture.

Double-spurred francolin, the Gambia, 13 February 2012

A double-spurred francolin.

The golf course is separated from the river by mudflats. These attract three lapwing species: spur-winged, black-headed, and African wattled lapwing.

African wattled lapwings, the Gambia, 13 February 2012

Their smaller relative, the ringed plover, is present as well.

So are their bigger, more distant, relatives, whimbrel and Senegal thick-knee.

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