This is what archaeologists have learned from their excavations in the Land of Israel: the Israelites were never in Egypt, did not wander in the desert, did not conquer the land in a military campaign and did not pass it on to the 12 tribes of Israel. Perhaps even harder to swallow is the fact that the united monarchy of David and Solomon, which is described by the Bible as a regional power, was at most a small tribal kingdom. And it will come as an unpleasant shock to many that the God of Israel, Jehovah, had a female consort and that the early Israelite religion adopted monotheism only in the waning period of the monarchy and not at Mount Sinai.
Most of those who are engaged in scientific work in the interlocking spheres of the Bible, archaeology and the history of the Jewish people – and who once went into the field looking for proof to corroborate the Bible story – now agree that the historic events relating to the stages of the Jewish people’s emergence are radically different from what that story tells.
What follows is a short account of the brief history of archaeology, with the emphasis on the crises and the big bang, so to speak, of the past decade. The critical question of this archaeological revolution has not yet trickled down into public consciousness, but it cannot be ignored.
Excavations at Ancient Jaffa (Joppa), by Ze’ev Herzog: here.
Archaeologists Fear Their Work in Jerusalem May Be Tainted by Settler Politics: here.
- Early Christian Archaeology (mediterraneanworld.wordpress.com)
- Are Greece’s Ancient Treasures Under Threat? (history.com)
- Postcard from Israel – Tel Megiddo (cifwatch.com)
- Ancient Temple Dating Back to 1100 BC Found in Israel (sci-news.com)
- Archaeology and the Bible researcher 2/4 (bijbelvorser.wordpress.com)
- Desecrated Ancient Temple Sheds Light On Early Power Struggles In The Land Of Israel (failedmessiah.typepad.com)