Music video of Redbone, Wounded Knee


This music video is of the native American band Redbone, with their song [We were all wounded at] Wounded Knee.

The video is from Dutch TV.

This single was number one in the Dutch charts, and other European charts, in 1973.

It might have charted in the USA then as well.

But it was never released as a single in the USA.

Wikipedia writes:

In 1973 Redbone released the politically oriented “We were all wounded at Wounded Knee”, recalling the massacre of Lakota Sioux Indians by the Seventh Cavalry in 1890. The song ends with the subtly altered sentence “We were all wounded by Wounded Knee”. The song reached the number one chart position across Europe but didn’t chart in the USA where it was initially withheld from release and then banned by several radio stations.

The lyrics are here.

Follow Magellanic penguins’ migration on the Internet


In this video, ‘Magellanic penguins take a stroll near Punta Arenas, Chile, in the Straits of Magellan’.

From the Penguin studies page:

Follow the Penguins’ Migration!

During the week of August 20, 2007, Professor Boersma and her student, Elizabeth Skewgar, selected six adult male [Magellanic] penguins from rehabilitation centers at two coastal towns in Northern Argentina–San Clemente del Tuyú and Mar del Plata–to carry satellite transmitters during their southern migration back to their breeding colonies. They put the transmitters on healthy, robust birds in good body condition that were likely to be eager to get back to their colony to begin breeding. The point is to follow their ocean route and determine if they are going south along a well-defined route.

Through late October the birds’ movements will be tracked by the Argos satellite system, operated by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the French space agency. The satellites will pass overhead providing the penguins’ locations which we are charting on a tracking map so you can watch, with us, the route or routes the penguins are using to return to their breeding colonies.

Bookmark this page so you can check back to see the latest news, and follow along through October as we watch the penguins travel south.

Argentina declares new coastal marine park to protect vital wildife areas: here.

Play about the United States constitution


In this video, McDonalds debate Fast Food Nation on BBC Newsnight with Eric Schlosser.

From British weekly Socialist Worker:

We The People play

This new play is written by Eric Schlosser, the US-based historian and writer best known for Fast Food Nation, his exposé of the fast food industry.

It is set in 1787 and uses speeches, letters and documents from that time to recreate the Philadelphia Convention that hammered out the constitution of the newly independent US.

Charlotte Westenra directed the play. Her work includes Gladiator Games and Bloody Sunday: Scenes From The Saville Inquiry. It is showing as part of the Globe Theatre’s “Renaissance and Revolution” season.

We The People
directed by Charlotte Westenra
2 September to 6 October
Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre, London SE1

Review of We the People: here.

About the US constitution: here.

Fossil bee and orchid discovered


This video is called Baltic Amber: The Living Gemstone Part I.

Part II is here.

Part III is here.

From Leiden university in the Netherlands:

A piece of amber, millions of years old, including a pollen covered bee, will reveal its secrets. Dr. Barbara Gravendeel discovered the first orchid fossil, and will report about that in Nature of Thursday 30 August.

ScienceDaily (June 15, 2010) — The world’s oldest known example of a fig wasp has been found on the Isle of Wight. The fossil wasp is almost identical to the modern species, proving that this tiny but specialized insect has remained virtually unchanged for over 34 million years: here.

New poisonous frog discovered in Colombia


This video is an Animal Facts Infographic on poison dart frogs at the Oregon Zoo, in the USA.

From Science Blog:

A new poisonous frog was recently discovered in a remote mountainous region in Colombia by a team of young scientists supported by the Conservation Leadership Programme (CLP). The new frog, which is almost two centimetres in length, was given the name the “golden frog of Supatá.”

Originally, the young scientists thought the frog was similar to several other common species in the area. However, after scientific analysis of the frog’s characteristics, and review of their findings by experts at Conservation International, it was determined that the golden frog of Supatá is unique and only found within a 20 hectare area in Colombia’s Cundinamarca region. Colombia is one of the world’s richest countries in amphibian diversity, with more than 583 species.

Unfortunately, since this frog is a recent discovery, and endemic to only the Cunidnamarca region, little is known about it. So far, scientists say that the golden frog of Supatá belongs to a group of “dart fogs” that are known to be highly venomous. In the coming months, the young scientists hope to have more information about the frog.

“The importance of this project is not just the discovery of the new frog,” said Oswaldo Cortes, team leader and one of the winners of the 2007 Conservation Leadership Programme awards. “But, most importantly, what this new discovery shows is how little we still know about our planet, and the many species that haven’t yet been discovered. This is why it is so important to work with local communities and educate them about the need for conservation.”

See also here.

And here.

And here.

And here.

New national park created in Colombia’s Amazon: see here.

Gopher frogs in Georgia, USA, see here.

USA: salamander larvae try to get too big for predators


About this video:

We discovered this female spotted salamander ovipositing on a stick while conducting a vernal pool survey.

From New Scientist:

Greedy larvae too much of a mouthful for predators

* 11:29 28 August 2007

* Roxanne Khamsi

Gluttony may protect certain species of prey from predators, suggests a new study. Some salamander larvae seem to have evolved such that they actively overeat to avoid becoming a meal themselves, say researchers.

Once the larvae reach a certain size, they no longer fit in the mouths of their predators. And the new study found that the larvae were mostly likely to engage in this overeating behaviour in ponds where they faced the greatest number of predators.

Mark Urban of the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis in Santa Barbara, California, US, spent three years collecting data from 10 ponds in the northeast of the country.

All of the ponds contained the spotted salamander Ambystoma maculatum, but only some of them were also home to its primary predator, the bigger marbled salamander Ambystoma opacum.

Marbled salamander larvae can comfortably gulp down prey smaller than 3.3 millimetres. And, notably, at three weeks the body of a typical spotted salamander larva measures about this size in diameter at its thickest point, making it relatively easy to swallow.

Scientists have shown, however, that spotted salamander larvae in ponds with many marbled salamanders measure about 3.8 mm in diameter – they believe that these prey bulk up to avoid becoming dinner.

Salamandra salamandra: here.

Hybrid salamanders in the USA: here.

In 1888, a biologist called Henry Orr was collecting spotted salamander eggs from a small, swampy pool when he noticed that some of them were green. He wrote, “The internal membrane of each egg was coloured a uniform light green by the presence in the membrane of a large number of minute globular green Algae.” Orr decided that the eggs “present a remarkable case of symbiosis.” The salamanders and the algae co-existed in a mutually beneficial relationship: here. And here.

Spotted Salamander Egg Masses: here.

New survey work suggests that fewer than 1,200 Mexican axolotls remain in its last stronghold, the Xochimilco area of central Mexico: here.

Rare moth for first time in Scotland


Lobesia abscisana, male

From The Scotsman:

Rare moth causes hearts to flutter

A RARE moth has been discovered on the Scottish mainland for the first time.

The micromoth Lobesia abscisana was discovered at St Cyrus Nature Reserve in Aberdeenshire.

The species is common in the south of England, but in Scotland had only ever been found in Shetland.

Moths of Britain and Ireland: here.

Bogong moths’ mass migration near Sydney, Australia: here.