USA: Indians massacred in 1853 found


Ute Indians

Associated Press reports:

Indian remains unearthed by Utah builder linked to 1853 massacre

September 15, 2006

Digging in a ravine, a home builder discovered the remains of seven American Indians believed to have been killed in 1853 during a conflict with Mormon pioneers.

‘These people have an important story to tell,’ assistant state archaeologist Ronald Rood said of the discovery in Nephi, 85 miles south of Salt Lake City.

The bodies, discovered in August, were on top of each other in a grave just 3 feet wide, The Salt Lake Tribune reported in Friday editions.

Bones were splintered by bullets that hit some victims in the head and others in the leg.

Archaeologists found buttons attached to cloth, glass shards and a copper tube that contained what appeared to be hair.

What led to their deaths? There are two accounts.

In one version, the Indians were killed in retaliation for the deaths of four men who were traveling to Salt Lake City from Manti with wheat, according to Springville historian D. Robert Carter.

Another account suggests the Indians were summoned to town by military commander Maj. George W. Bradley and refused to drop their weapons.

One settler was struck with an arrow, and the seven Indians were killed.

The killings were part of the Walker War, a larger conflict between Mormon pioneers and Indians. A peace agreement was reached in May 1854.

Rood said evidence suggests the seven men, ages 16 to 25, were killed and thrown in a mass grave.

The archaeologist found a ball of lead inside one man’s skull. A head fracture stained green by a copper trinket suggests one Indian was killed with blunt trauma.

‘I don’t see it as revising history,’ Rood said. ‘I see it as adding another chapter.’

The fate of the seven skeletons is uncertain, he said.

Utah law allows Indian tribes to make claims on their ancestors’ bodies only if they are unearthed on public land. There is no provision for bones found on private land.

Unless a family link is found, the state retains custody. Forrest Cuch, the executive director of the state Division of Indian Affairs, said he’ll ask for change in state law.

‘I am an Indian and was raised to have respect for the dead and to understand that there are certain physical laws and spiritual laws,’ Cuch said. ‘I don’t think we have been honoring the spiritual laws.’

Kevin Creps, who found the Indians’ remains while preparing a foundation for his home, said he wants to see a ‘proper burial.’

Prehistoric arrowheads in South Carolina: here.

Trail of tears of the Cherokee: here.

Athapaskans in North America: here.

Taino Indians of Cuba: here.

USA: Explore the Great Salt Lake’s Antelope Island, a barren-looking habitat alive with bison, birds, and wildflowers: here.

Mass grave of Irish immigrants reveals hints of violence: here.

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12 thoughts on “USA: Indians massacred in 1853 found

  1. Descendants right 205-year-old theft

    US: Descendants of colonist and explorer William Clark atoned for a 205-year-old crime on Saturday by presenting the Chinook Indian Nation with a replica of a canoe Clark stole in 1806.

    The explorer and his partner Meriwether Lewis had got stuck at the mouth of the Columbia river and had been taken in by the Clatsop tribe, who kept them alive through the winter.

    The pair then stole the canoe to use on the return journey.

    http://www.morningstaronline.co.uk/news/content/view/full/109924

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  6. http://hnn.us/articles/largest-us-mass-execution-150-years-ago?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter

    Largest US Mass Execution 150 Years Ago

    SOURCE: Jon Wiener at The Nation website (12-26-12)

    December 26, 1862: thirty-eight Dakota Indians were hung in Mankato, Minnesota, in the largest mass execution in US history–on orders of President Abraham Lincoln. Their crime: killing 490 white settlers, including women and children, in the Santee Sioux uprising the previous August.

    The execution took place on a giant square scaffold in the center of town, in front of an audience of hundreds of white people. The thirty-eight Dakota men “wailed and danced atop the gallows,” according to Robert K. Elder of the New York Times, “waiting for the trapdoors to drop beneath them.” A witness reported that, “as the last moment rapidly approached, they each called out their name and shouted in their native language: ‘I’m here! I’m here!’”

    Lincoln’s treatment of defeated Indian rebels against the US stood in sharp contrast to his treatment of Confederate rebels. He never ordered the executions of any Confederate officials or generals after the Civil War, even though they killed more than 400,000 Union soldiers. The only Confederate executed was the commander of Andersonville Prison—and for what we would call war crimes, not rebellion….

    Source:
    Jon Wiener at The Nation website

    Source URL:

    http://www.thenation.com/blog/171920/largest-mass-execution-us-history-150-years-ago-today

    Date:
    12-26-12

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